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China's first domestically built "yak" robot with a load capacity of 160 kg made its debut recently. The robot can deal with all sorts of road and weather conditions
Weather in Goa in the next couple of weeks and road status (from Bangalore)
Hi, we are planning a vacation in Goa in the last week of the month. Is it/will it be raining too heavily to drive around? Also has anyone recently driven from Bangalore - is the road ok? submitted by insanegenius to Goa [link] [comments]
Cons of living in Chennai
submitted by sreeraagmohan to Chennai [link] [comments]
Hello All, I've been living in Bangalore for six years and I absolutely hate the city. It's crowded, polluted, the infrastructure is a mess and the public transport is horrendous. I was in Chennai the last week and I spent five days on the city roaming around, exploring different areas and getting a feel of the place, and I'm impressed. Here are a few things I liked:
- Connectivity is great. A combination of suburban rail, metro, and MTC can get you anywhere you want.
- There are sidewalks almost everywhere. Chennai feels very pedestrian friendly: so much so that people actually stopped and did not honk while I was trying to cross the road. Impressive.
- Great food scene: I feel the Bangalore food scene is bland, with a lot of pubs serving the same thing, whereas Chennai has so many cuisines that I can try. Great stuff.
- Pothole free roads: The roads are great, the traffic isn't much.
I also noticed that there are actually quite a few people who don't natively speak Tamil now in Chennai. In fact, there were times where I hardly heard Tamil: there are so many people who speak Hindi in Chennai now. The malls are also fantastic: there is usually a good mall about 5kms from wherever you are.
Why does Chennai get so much hate? What are some cons of living in Chennai?
P.S: I'm aware of the weather, but complaining about the weather seems like a very immature thing to do. It's the weather, deal with it.
Edit: Thanks for all your comments people! I wasn't trying to shit on one city by comparing it to another, though. If anybody wants to know, I was in Velachery, St Thomas Mount/KK Nagar, Anna Nagar, Egattur, Sholinganallur, Guindy, and Alwarpet. I have heard of Chennai's garbage problem, but I also did notice corporation dustbins and workers cleaning them up every night in modern garbage trucks.
Your Tuesday news digest. Aug/30/2022.
submitted by ar_david_hh to armenia [link] [comments]
15 minutes, 3827 words.
authorities arrest Artsakh's wartime army leader Mikael Arzumanyan; negligence in Shushi; not using available soldiers; leaving critical gaps
Arzumanyan replaced Jalal Harutyunyan as the army commander on October 27, 2020. Republic of Armenia authorities:
Lt. Gen. Arzumanyan displayed negligence during the organization of defense in Shushi and surrounding areas, from October 30 to November 9.
Arzumanyan failed to perform his duties, causing serious consequences and human casualties, allowing the opponent to capture Shushi and its outskirts.
Arzumanyan was tasked with preparing the troops and completing the assigned tasks. Starting October 30, however, he did not ensure the effective use of the combat capabilities of the troops and the completion of the tasks set within a specified time.
Arzumanyan failed to oversee the operations and provide assistance to troops, did not display determination, did not react promptly and flexibly to the situational changes, did not ensure the continuity and operationality of troops, and did not ensure a harmonious and full command.
In his orders, Arzumanyan did not instruct soldiers to be deployed in the unprotected areas neighboring Shushi, and did not mention the neighbors' problems and details about LoC lines.
On October 31, despite having 365 available soldiers, Arzumanyan failed to organize the defense on the right wing of a [redacted] military unit, as well as on the Shushi-Lisagor highway.
In his briefings up until November 6, Arzumanyan claimed he was in control of the situation and successfully performed his tasks in Shushi, while in reality, on November 5 the enemy groups were able to infiltrate Shushi.
Under the orders of Arzumanyan, Armenian soldiers from Shushi and surrounding areas engaged with the enemy with improper timing. Specifically, he instructed a rifle battalion to be deployed in the area stretching from the Shushi-Qarin Tak crossroad to "Isahaki Aghbyur", while the enemy was already in control of Qarin Tak [Shushi suburb] and the "Charsli" section of the Shushi-Lisagor highway. The soldiers were unable to organize proper defense due to the risk of encirclement, so they were forced to organize self-defense, leading to casualties. This unit had been preparing for combat since November 1.
Moreover, for the defense of Shushi, Arzumanyan failed to involve 650 available soldiers who were gathered on October 15 and October 20.
Arzumanyan also violated the principles regulating centralized and decentralized command. In the Shushi direction, due to the rapidly changing conditions, the commanders of individual units were unable to independently locate friendly units and ensure cooperation between the regular army and volunteer units. Arzumanyan did not deploy troops in the area between the Shushi-Stepanakert highway gas station and the Shushi-Qarin Tak crossroad. The opponent used the "Isahaki Aghbyur" terrain to bypass Armenian soldiers and encircle Shushi.
As a result of Arzumanyan's negligence, on November 2nd, despite the warnings by a unit commander about his exposed wing, the opponent was allowed to bypass the troops, advance from Sghnakh village [6km southeast of Sushi] towards areas called "Charsli" and "Nabilar". And at 2 am on November 4, the opponent captured several heights and accumulated troops to assault Shushi. They proceeded to bypass Armenian soldiers on Shushi-Qarin Tak, and on the evening of November 5th, they entered Shushi from the Shushi-Stepanakert gas station's crossroad. By November 7, the opponent had control of Shushi and its suburbs. //
Arzumanyan was arrested while traveling from Artsakh to Yerevan, and charged under Article 375.3 (up to 8 years). read, read,
Tags: #war #military #Shushi
treason case: rumors & rebuttals
The opposition outlet Joghovurd published an article about an espionage/treason suspect being acquitted during a closed-door trial. Prosecutors:
Armlur's story about defendant A. Sardaryan being acquitted by the court is false. Stop taking these "reliable sources" for granted. What happened in reality was that Sardaryan's initial "high treason" charges were downgraded by prosecutors to "violating code of conduct that led to serious consequences" two months ago. Sardaryan's case was then separated and sent to another court. The trial continues. The defendant remains under arrest. // read,
military conscription in other countries
Context in August 24
and August 29
news digests. The MOD has drafted a bill to raise contractors' salaries to ֏400k ($990/mo) as part of the plan to transition to a professional army.
The professional army will be partially subsidized by conscripts who want to pay $60,000 and serve half a year instead of two. The sum is enough to subsidize a contractor's 5-year service, said the MOD.
experience in other states
In Turkey, university graduates serve 6 months, while high schoolers 12. The army occasionally allows conscripts to avoid service in exchange for a fee (in 2020 it was $4,000 for a certain period). A newly drafted bill would allow draft evaders to serve a month and pay a $3,200 fee to clear their record.
In Greece, you can avoid conscription for a fee, if you are an immigrant or a citizen above the age of 35. You serve 20 days and pay $810/mo for the remainder of the service.
In Georgia, you can postpone conscription twice by paying 2k lari each time. You won't serve if you've already served in another country, you have a science degree, you are a professional pedagogue or a scientist, etc.
Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan allow conscripts to pay ~$650 and not have to serve in the army.
Europe has long abolished compulsory service, but there have recently been talks about bringing it back in several countries. Latvians
aged 18-27 will be required to serve, starting in 2027. Germany
is also considering it. read,
Armenia thanks U.S. and French ambassadors in Azerbaijan for not attending the regime's circlejerk meeting in occupied Shushi Reporter:
A conference was held in Shushi with the participation of foreign diplomats and international organizations. Comments? Foreign Ministry:
We reiterate our position regarding the inadmissibility of unilateral visits to the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh. The population of Nagorno-Karabakh should be involved in the programs of international cooperation and support. At the same time, we highly appreciate the position of those countries which, having a deep understanding of the conflict, refused to participate in such unilateral action. //
Context in Monday digest
. The refusal by the US and French officials to visit Shushi raised the ire of Azeri regime, prompting accusations of "refusal to recognize Azerbaijan's territorial integrity". The two countries reaffirmed readiness to resume OSCE Minsk Group negotiations amidst Azerbaijan's campaign to discredit and suspend the negotiation platform. read, read,
Charles Michel called the kids to make sure they are doing fine ahead of the big day EU's Michel:
Today I am planning preparatory phone calls ahead of tomorrow's 4th meeting between the President of Azerbaijan Aliyev and the Prime Minister of Armenia Pashinyan. //
Pashinyan and Michel spoke about bilateral AM-EU relations and details of the upcoming tripartite meeting in Brussels. read, read,
deputy premiers of Armenia and Azerbaijan met in Moscow
Mher Grigoryan and Shahin Mustafayev met to discuss topics relating to the organization of AM-AZ border demarcation and de-escalation.
After the meeting, the Russian MFA vowed to continue to provide advisory and technical support to the parties.
The first meeting took place on May 24 on the Nakhijevan border. That's when they agreed to hold today's meeting in Moscow. The next one will be in Brussels. read, read, read,
U.S. is running out of 155mm artillery rounds: defense officials
They can be fired from M777 Howitzers, 126 of which have been delivered to Ukraine alongside 806k rounds. The U.S. stockpile is reaching "uncomfortably" low levels. Official:
The depletion is not a direct result of support to Ukraine. We're able to provide what we have provided and still maintain our readiness as a military force. //
The planned $3b military aid package will send 245k more rounds, but they won't be taken from the existing stockpile. read,
Russian peacekeepers are stationed on the 4.7km temporary section of the new Armenia-Artsakh corridor Artsakh govt:
The deployment on this temporary section of the new Stepanakert-Goris corridor is complete. It's been fully asphalted. This section will have the same status as the old Stepanakert-Goris-Berdzor road. It will operate until the construction of the main road connecting Artsakh to Armenia. read,
Azerbaijan continues to ignore rulings by World Court and the European Court of Human Rights: MFA Foreign Ministry:
Today is the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances. The forced disappearance of people is a violation of fundamental human rights and various conventions.
Even after the Nov. 9 ceasefire, Azerbaijan continues holding Armenian prisoners of war, including civilians. The fate of hundreds of missing in action or forcefully disappeared persons from the '90s and 2020 wars is still unknown.
The absence of cooperation by the Azeri authorities makes it impossible to clearly estimate the number of missing persons and get reliable information about their fate.
Azerbaijan continues to ignore the interim measures by ECHR about providing information to Armenia, as well as the urgent measures of the International Court of Justice applies on December 7, 2021, which oblige Azerbaijan to end its racist and discriminatory policies against ethnic Armenians.
The issue of disappearances is a humanitarian priority that must be depoliticized and solved with a firm political will and cooperation. The international community should ensure an unconditional entry to the entire territory of Nagorno Karabakh to mitigate the existing humanitarian crisis.
We reaffirm our urgent call to put an end to the impunity of enforced disappearances. // read, read,
India-Armenia tech & business conference was held in Bangalore
India-Armenia Conference: Promoting Investment and Growth. It was organized by the Armenian embassy and Indian Economic Trade Organization. A cooperation memorandum was signed.
The event was attended by 70 participants representing the public, business, educational, and healthcare sectors.
Armenia's ambassador encouraged stronger ties between Armenian and Indian companies. He called on the conference participants to participate in exhibitions and conferences in Armenia. read, read,
German telecom giant Deutsche Telekom is exploring business opportunities in Armenia
It's the parent company of T-Mobile. They want to launch a high-tech business in Armenia, according to the company's representative.
On Tuesday they held a meeting with the representatives of the Union of Manufacturers & Businessmen of Armenia. They are studying Armenia's legal code, economy, the IT sector, etc. read,
ministry officials discussed education reforms during a forum in Gegharkunik Deputy Minister Andreasyan:
The new standards will go into effect in September 2023. Starting this year, you will help the 9th graders to pick their "major" and increase the hours dedicated to that subject.
As part of financial reforms, teachers will also be paid for participation in groups and learning projects. These will be counted towards the workload, at a separate rate.
Teachers are already able to receive a 30%-50% raise after a voluntary attestation. We will make this raise available to rural teachers who choose not to take the attestation exam, but nevertheless decide to participate in certain other programs. There will be bonuses for STEM teachers as well.
The salaries of school directors and administrators will be calculated differently, with new base rates, similar to other public workers.
Directors will qualify for a raise and have their contracts extended by another 5 years if the school development program they had submitted during their hiring process is implemented properly. "The continuity of your job will depend on the quality of your work." read,
🔨 authorities swing the hammer at bottled water companies for selling regular water labeled as "spring water" and "natural drinking water" Competition Protection Commission:
We examined every company in Armenia that sells "spring water" and "natural drinking water".
The companies were selling still water in violation of EAEU rules on "spring water" and "natural water". The water either did not originate from natural springs, or it was treated with chlorine at a certain point before its bottling.
Moreover, if you buy chemically-treated spring water from Veolia Water, and you don't use chlorine in your factory, that's still considered cheating.
6 companies were warned, 3 were fined, and 3 others were found not to have violated the law. // read,
update: details about the size of aid for Surmalu blast victims
Free medical care, ֏3m to families of dead or missing, ֏300k if the injured person spent 3+ days in a hospital, ֏150k for a light injury. read,
Armenians are slowly learning to recycle | VIDEO
138 apartment complex buildings in Yerevan have separate bins for plastic, cardboard, and garbage. This number will double by the end of the year.
They are mostly used properly, but you can occasionally find garbage in the recycle bin. Many of the randomly interviewed residents said they do recycle at home. Kristine:
Kids at first did not understand why we were dumping the waste in separate bins. We had to teach them. Now they mimic us. //
The city has a contract with 4 recycling companies that collect glass, plastic, and cardboard. Since the beginning of this year, these companies have recycled 37 tons of glass, 26 tons of plastic, and 370 tons of paper. The volumes are increasing. watch, read,
"Մունաթը, այսպես ասած, միշտ կա"
You should truly consider shutting the fk up, according to the head of Yerevan municipality's sanitation department. Mr. Manukyan:
Where there is a coffee machine, there is a mountain of plastic bags and cigarette buds littering the surrounding area. Even after hiring dozens of new sanitation workers, we still can't do this alone. We need the population to stop littering the streets. Would you drop the cigarette butt on your kitchen floor? Reporter:
Do residents appreciate the work done by street cleaners? Mr. Manukyan:
Sometimes yes, sometimes no. For example, street cleaning machines sprinkle water on the sidewalks. If a car is parked there, it will be watered. We receive angry calls every day from car owners complaining about dirty windows. Sometimes the residents prevent workers from doing their job in their backyards. There is no shortage of մունաթ attitude. This is partly because the city does not collect cleaning fees so people aren't always familiar with the process and don't appreciate the work.
Give us a 10%-20% raise. The cleaners earn ֏155k ($380), but that's not much considering the workload. The garbage truck driver earns ֏220k ($540), but he has to breathe toxic air every day while dumping the load in a landfill. // continue,
construction is underway to build a pedestrian promenade, bike lane, and leisure zone on Yerevanyan Lake shore | VIDEO watch, Details in August 23 digest
before and after: see the abandoned area near Tsitsernakaberd Genocide Memorial turn into a mini-forest | VIDEO watch,
Armenian and Russian pilots are awarded a certificate confirming their world record | VIDEO
Earlier this year we learned
that SkyBall company's Nairi Barseghyan and his Russian co-pilot Sergey Bazhenov used an AX-9 class air balloon to fly over Mt. Aragats while traveling from Gyumri to Yerevan. It was a test run ahead of an attempt to set a world record in Russia.
They did so successfully in Russia's Orenburg, by traveling 485 kilometers in 34 hours and 41 minutes, breaking the previous record by 2 hours. Why Russia's Orenburg?
Such records can only be achieved while attempting this in Russia or North America, because of the cold weather and the size of the countries, said the Armenian pilot.
They survived on chocolate. The water and coffee froze in insulated thermoses and had to be thrown down.
The Federation Aeronautics International
issued the world record certificate today, marking Armenia's first-ever record in aviation sports. It's usually major powers like the US, Russia, Japan, and Europe who achieve such results, bragged Barseghyan. Economy Minister Kerobyan:
Hot air balloons are an important component in the development of adventure tourism. We should invest in this field to popularize it in Armenia.
... tourism has reached pre-pandemic levels: Minister Kerobyan Kerobyan:
In July we had approximately the same tourism stats as in 2019. // Tourism Committee chief Sisian Poghosyan (diaspora):
Hot air balloons are already an interesting part of adventure tourism in Armenia. We are currently working on social media campaigns to advertise Armenia with interesting and unique travel packages. We will work with the private sector to understand their needs and potential. watch their flights, read, read, read,
murders drop 12%, attempted murders by 17%, traffic fatalities by 23%: January-July
The 24 murders were mostly a result of interpersonal and domestic disputes.
Although cops detected +11% traffic violations, the traffic deaths -23%.
Apartment burglary -10%
Narcotics busts +53%
Illegal weapon sale or manufacturing +20%
The number of cybercrime incidents rose from 65 to 263. read,
several towns in Lori will be connected with a new comfortable bus network: the governor's office Official:
With the help of the Infrastructure Ministry, Japan, and COAF, the new bus network will serve COAF's SMART center and 7 villages located between Vanadzor and Dsegh. There is now a new inter-community transport network. read,
update: Gagik Tsarukyan says he will need at least 3 years to build the Jesus-Industrial Complex I am sure you have an opinion to share in the comment section about this news segment, but not the others. Take it away... read,
legendary Portuguese soccer star Luís Figo arrives in Armenia
The retired star played for Barcelona, Real Madrid, and Inter Milan from 1995 to 2009. He uploaded a video on Saturday: "I am happy to inform you that I am traveling to Yerevan, the beautiful capital of Armenia."
He is now a brand ambassador for Digitain, a company that provides software solutions to online sports betting websites. Fugo:
The last time I was in Armenia I was here to participate in the Legends Match. It was an all-star Europe vs. Latin America exhibition match in July 2018
Other legendary participants of the 2018 match were Paolo Maldini, Ronaldo, Roberto Carlos, Rivaldo, Hernán Crespo, Júlio César. Figo continues:
When you come to play football you don’t have much opportunity to see and get to know the culture and the people. You just come to the airport and then straight to the hotel. That’s why I am very happy to return to Armenia, now I have time to get to know the country. Reporter:
If you could return and play again, which team would you choose? Figo:
I've been watching Liverpool since childhood but they didn't let me play in England. [Sad story.] Reporter:
For someone who’s never played in England, you have exceptional English. Why is this – did your parents encourage you to learn or are you just good at languages? Figo:
Portuguese people have natural skills to learn new languages. When I was in school, I wasn't a big fan of English classes, actually. But later, when I was living in Barcelona, I had to improve my English to seduce my Swedish wife. [My goodness gracious, dude. Did she conquer your heart with an ax and horns?] Reporter:
Has soccer evolved since the early 2000s? Figo:
Everything has changed. They practice differently, the equipment, boots, staff, technologies, a lot more info and stats, but nothing has changed in terms of emotions. Reporter:
y u no coach? Figo:
I wanted to be a manager but never a coach. [We have a highly decorated Captain Maverick here...] Reporter:
The World Cup begins on November 20. Who are the favorites to win? Figo:
Brazil, Argentina, Spain, and Germany. I think Portugal and England have a slim chance. Reporter:
What do you think about Henrikh Mkhitaryan? Figo:
His contract with Inter speaks about his talent. It is always important that Armenian players strive for more and appear in strong championships. It will also help the Armenian national team. In addition, they are always an example for children and help them to love football more. read, read, read, read, read, read, read, watch,
Armenian national soccer league is underway
After the 5th round, the leader is Alashkert with 13 points, followed by Van and Urartu. read,
ANCA will honor NBA coach Rex Kalamian with the People’s Champion Award
Kalamian, an assistant coach at Detroit Pistons, recently agreed to move to Armenia and help the national team. They won the 2022 FIBA European Championship. read,
🍿 big drama is about to unfold in Gyumri 🍿
Gyumri Drama Theater promises to deliver real drama
with surprises in the upcoming season, which will kickstart with a performance based on Stephen King's "Misery" psychological novel. Art director Ludwig:
Gor Margaryan will be the director, so you know it's going to be unpredictable. The audience will be taken to another dimension with the modern and flexible scenographic and painting approach, which will utilize the theater's technical capacity to its fullest. Watch it on September 17 and 18. //
The next lit performance will be based on William Gibson's "The Miracle Worker", directed by Nikolai Tsaturyan as part of a cooperation with the Education Ministry and Caritas charity. Watch it on September 24 and 25.
Another one will be "The Reunification of Two Koreas"
, based on contemporary French dramatist Joël Pommerat.
The season will end with New Year performances in Armenia and Spain. read,
Opera is preparing for its 90th performance season
The season begins on September 2 with the "Anush" performance in Vanadzor's Abelian Theater, followed by the Three Sopranos concert in Vanadzor's Aznavour Palace of Culture. continue,
The Show Must Go On (literally)
The preparation is underway to hold the legendary international STARMUS science festival
in Yerevan's Hamalir complex on September 5-10. Co-founder astrophysicist Garik Israelyan:
All STARMUS festivals were unique and amazing and we tried to do everything for this festival to be historic and memorable. The format will be unique and one-of-a-kind.
Besides the lectures and discussions, there will be two concerts. Queen guitarist Brian May, the co-founder of STARMUS, will deliver performance. In previous festivals, he would play 1-2 pieces, but in Armenia, he will deliver 5+.
Brian May and SOAD's Serj Tankian, together with a choir, will perform Queen's The Show Must Go On. A special tribute will be paid to late duduk master Jivan Gasparyan.
There will be surprises. Watch and find out.
Other events include the Stephen Hawking Medal ceremony, the 108-minute round table with Nobel laureates
, the Star Party at Garni where telescopes will be installed.
Over 7,000 participants are expected to attend the Discover the Cosmos and Change the World conference. read,
Women's European chess championship continues
Former European champion Elina Danielyan climbs to 3rd place, while Maria Gevorgyan drops from 2nd to 6th. Two rounds left. read, read,
one-third of Pakistan is underwater: Pakistani minister
Flash floods have washed away roads, homes, and crops. Over a thousand are dead, and millions of people have become homeless.
The country has lost 3,500 kilometers of roads, 162 bridges, 800,000 farm animals, and vital farmlands. read, read, read,
in case you missed
Yesterday's news in English
(by Impossible-Ad-). Archive by Armeniapedia
. Donate to Armenia & Artsakh here
The accused are innocent unless proven guilty in a court of law, even if they "appear" guilty.
How to ride in strong winds
I’m a still a bit shook and want to share/discuss, but my girlfriend is angry with me for taking her out in windy weather and I can’t talk to her right now. submitted by lemru to motorcycle [link] [comments]
Going out for a quick ride, I checked the weather. Nice temp and… wind gusts up to 30 km/h. Up the coast, where we were headed, 26 km/h wind with gusts up to 40 km/h. To me that’s unpleasant territory but I rode in that last year and it wasn’t that bad. Or maybe I forgot how bad it was… Not sure now.
We ride out onto the section of the road open to the sea and the wind blows our heads off. The bikes are doing a slalom. I ride a 220 kg Harley and the wind is almost tearing it out of my hands, each gust pushing me closer to the barriers. It being Spain, it’s of course a long incline on a bend located on a cliff. I can hardly hear my GF over the intercom but I catch her saying something about dying. I put on alarm lights, hunker down on the tank and we painstakingly push through the worst of it to the nearest town. I’m covered in sweat by the time we stop at the red light.
My instinct was to slown down to 40-50 km/h and lean forward a little, but not too much because it was hard to keep controlling the bike in the wind. My GF, on a mid-controls Triumph Bobber, kept tensely upright and hurt her back with how much stress it put on her upper back. Any advice on how to handle this kind of wind if it catches you on the way?
SSLV-D1 : EOS-02 (aka Microsat-2A) Mission Updates and Discussion
submitted by Ohsin to ISRO [link] [comments]
SSLV-D1/EOS-02(aka Microsat-2A) launch occurred as scheduled at 0348(UTC)/0918(IST), 7 August 2022
from First Launch Pad of SDSC (SHAR). Unfortunately orbit achieved was not stable. Live webcast: (Links will be added as they become available)
Updates: Primary Payload: EOS-02
- Primary payload: EOS-02 (135 kg) optical imaging satellite
- Secondary payload: AzaadiSAT (8 kg)
- Mission duration: 13 min. 12 sec. (last s/c separation)
- Target Orbit : 356.2 km , Inclination = 37.21°
- Launch Azimuth: ~135°
- Flight debut of SSLV!
(aka Microsat-2A) (135 kg): EOS-02 optical imaging satellite based on IMS-1 (100 kg class) satellite bus and related to Microsat-TD  
which was launched aboard PSLV-C40
in 2018. EOS-02 payloads share common fore optics with a metallic mirror and satellite in small form factor is designed for shorter development period, intended to have 'launch on demand' capability with SSLV and exploit other ride-sharing opportunities. EOS-02 will monitor thermal anomalies and provide data for cartographic applications, coastal land use and regulation, utilities mapping and various other GIS applications.
Secondary payload: AzaadiSAT
- Payload : MWIR & LWIR with 6 meter resolution (possibly PAN as well)
- Mission life: 10 months
- Orbit : 356 km, i=37.2°
- Propulsion: Single 1N thruster
(7.3 kg): An 8U student built satellite by SpaceKidzIndia which will carry 75 small experiments weighing 50 grams or less and 5×5 cm in size like camera, microcontroller, various sensors etc. These experiments were used to teach students of 75 schools how space systems work and to promote STEM education, each school will have its own ground station to receive data from satellite. Six months is its expected mission life. Few notable payloads are:
- A selfie camera to take images of the solar panels, they'll be transmitted via SSTV.
- LoRa/FSK Transponder in UHF frequency to provide data transmission service for the global amateur radio community.
- PIN diode based COTS radiation sensor to monitor ionization radiation.
You can read more about SKI and AzaadiSAT here
and here are their RF parameters
. Few other resources on SSLV:
submitted by Gallionella to zmarter [link] [comments]
According to the Catalogue of Icelandic Volcanoes, the Krýsuvík-Trölladyngja system has been "moderately active" during the Holocene Epoch. At least 10 eruptions, lasting from a few years to decades, have occurred over the past 8,000 years. This suggests an eruption interval of 400 to 1,000 years, with an average of more than 750 years.
The last significant eruption before 2021 happened in the 12th century, when four lava flows ejected 220 million cubic meters (287 million cubic yards) of lava. The molten rock covered more than 36 square kilometers (14 square miles) and reached the north and south coasts of the Reykjanes Peninsula. https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/150236/eruption-in-fagradalsfjall-iceland
The US Environmental Protection Agency has worked to update its chemical safety program ever since a deadly 2013 ammonium nitrate explosion in West, Texas.
The US Environmental Protection Agency is again proposing revisions to its 30-year-old risk management program (RMP) for chemical facilities.
The proposed regulations would protect workers and vulnerable communities from chemical accidents, and especially people living near facilities that handle particularly dangerous chemicals and have high accident rates, the EPA said Aug. 19.
The agency finalized a similar regulation in the waning months of former president Barack Obama’s administration, but the rule was revoked under former president Donald J. Trump. https://cen.acs.org/safety/industrial-safety/US-EPA-again-proposes-risk/100/web/2022/08
A study in Science Advances presents a framework to accurately predict if a person will change their opinion about a certain topic. The approach estimates the amount of dissonance, or mental discomfort, a person has from holding conflicting beliefs about a topic.
Santa Fe Institute Postdoctoral Fellows Jonas Dalege and Tamara van der Does built on previous efforts to model belief change by integrating both moral and social beliefs into a statistical physics framework of 20 interacting beliefs.
They then used this cognitive network model to predict how the beliefs of a group of nearly 1,000 people, who were at least somewhat skeptical about the efficacy of genetically modified foods and childhood vaccines, would change as the result of an educational intervention. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/08/220819172528.htm
Looking at its starlight with an ordinary telescope, we see the familiar oval shape of a "typical" elliptical galaxy, with about ten times as many stars as our own Milky Way.
Typical, that is, until we observed NGC2663 with CSIRO's Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) in Western Australia – a network of 36 linked radio dishes forming a single super-telescope.
The radio waves reveal a jet of matter, shot out of the galaxy by a central black hole. This high-powered stream of material is about 50 times larger than the galaxy: If our eyes could see it in the night sky, it would be bigger than the Moon.
While astronomers have found such jets before, the immense size (more than a million light years across) and relative closeness of NGC2663 make these some of the biggest known jets in the sky. https://www.sciencealert.com/astronomers-have-discovered-a-black-hole-jet-that-is-50-times-larger-than-its-galaxy
Workers who responded to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010 were more likely to report incident asthma within a few years, a cohort study found.
Those oil spill response and cleanup workers were 60% more likely to report developing asthma in the 1-3 years after the spill compared with non-workers who had been trained but not hired (RR 1.60, 95% CI 1.38-1.85), according to findings in Environment International. https://www.medpagetoday.com/publichealthpolicy/environmentalhealth/100323
From the crunch of leaves underfoot and the fiery foliage adorning the trees, you might be thinking autumn has come early.
But experts say this hint of a change in the seasons isn't genuine. Instead it's the tell-tale sign of a "false autumn".
They warn the heatwave and drought has pushed trees into survival mode, with leaves dropping off or changing colour as a result of stress. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-62582186
“Although it is a lot smaller than the global cataclysm of the Chicxulub impact, Nadir will have contributed significantly to the local devastation. And if we have found one ‘sibling’ to Chicxulub, it opens the question: Are there others?” Geologist Uisdean Nicholson of Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, and a co-author of new the paper, found the crater—which is still not confirmed as an asteroid-caused depression—and he wasn’t even looking for it. While examining seismic reflection data from the seabed, related to a research project detailing seafloor spreading, he found something that intrigued him. https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/animals/a40932897/two-asteroids-may-have-killed-off-dinosaurs/
Not so sweet: artificial sweeteners might mess with your microbiome Glucose tolerance and glycaemic responses altered in test groups https://cosmosmagazine.com/health/artificial-sweeteners-microbiome/?amp=1
This combination meant tsunami warning centers did not detect the initial wave as they are programmed to detect tsunamis based on water displacements rather than atmospheric pressure waves.
The January event was among very few tsunamis powerful enough to travel around the globe—it was recorded in all world's oceans and large seas from Japan and the United States' western seaboard in the North Pacific Ocean to the coasts within the Mediterranean Sea. https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidbressan/2022/08/21/wave-created-by-tonga-volcano-eruption-reached-90-meters/?sh=6f7421875536
Yale researchers have uncovered new details on how a common weed is able to thrive under hot, dry conditions — potentially a roadmap to engineering crops that are resistant to the effects of climate change.
The challenge: Higher temperatures, more severe droughts, and the other effects of climate change are now threatening crop yields, imperiling progress in feeding the world made since the Green Revolution.
While corn yields have nearly tripled worldwide since 1961, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a recent NASA study predicts that they could decline by up to 24% before the end of this century. https://bigthink.com/life/purslane/
What's more, under closer scrutiny, many climate pledges tend to fall apart — perhaps because they lean on unreliable carbon offsets, or because they set far-off goals with no interim targets or accountability mechanisms. A recent report from Net Zero Tracker, an analysis project coordinated by nonprofit organizations and research labs, highlighted an "alarming lack of credibility" throughout the net-zero landscape. It found that the majority of companies promising to achieve net-zero had no plans to address "scope 3" emissions — the emissions associated with the products they sell to consumers. For oil and gas companies, this category makes up more than 75 percent of their climate pollution.
Lena Moffitt, chief of staff for the nonprofit advocacy group Evergreen Action, doubts the sincerity of many corporate climate commitments. "Fossil fuel companies are making net-zero pledges left and right while they are also doing the opposite," she said, highlighting oil majors' plans to keep expanding oil and gas exploration. "They are saying one thing and doing another." https://www.salon.com/2022/08/21/the-problem-with-corporate-pledges-to-protect-abortion-access-and-the-climate_partne
Filthy habits: Medieval monks were more likely to have worms than ordinary people https://phys.org/news/2022-08-filthy-habits-medieval-monks-worms.html
Atlas moths (Attacus atlas) are named after the Titan Atlas, who held up the heavens in Greek mythology, due to their colossal size. With a wingspan of over 25 centimeters, the species is one of the world’s largest lepidopterans, the order of insects that includes butterflies and moths.
The species is considered a federally quarantined pest in the US, meaning it is illegal to obtain, harbor, rear, or sell live moths without a permit from USDA. This is because it could potentially become an invasive species, posing a risk to agriculture, the natural environment, or native species in the US. https://www.iflscience.com/one-of-worlds-biggest-moths-seen-in-us-for-first-time-stumping-scientists-64970
By firing a Fibonacci laser pulse at atoms inside a quantum computer, physicists have created a completely new, strange phase of matter that behaves as if it has two dimensions of time. https://www.space.com/fibonacci-material-with-two-dimensions-of-time
On lack of sleep, it says the disruption in the body’s “biological clock”, which controls sleep and thousands of other functions, may raise the odds of cancers of the breast, colon, ovaries and prostate. Exposure to light while working overnight for several years may reduce melatonin levels and encourage cancer to grow. In 2007, the World Health Organisation classified night work that causes lack of sleep as a probable carcinogen due to circadian disruption. https://nation.africa/kenya/news/less-sleep-among-top-causes-of-cancer-surge--3921176
Nuclear secrets are the most secret secrets of all, the news has recently reminded us. And the Manhattan Project—the quest to create the first atomic bomb—was super secret, with even plenty of people connected to it not knowing what it really was. And yet the project was infiltrated by Soviet informants. Multiple Soviet informants. https://www.cracked.com/article_35034_the-manhattan-project-was-full-of-soviet-spies.html
The people responsible for planning future Mars missions will have to make just such a correction as new data has come in on the availability of water on the red planet. There’s not as much of it as initially thought. At least not around the equator where InSight landed.
That is the primary finding of a new study published by a team at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography. They found that InSight, a Mars lander that landed on the red planet in 2018, doesn’t have any water (or at least very little) within the soil 300 meters below it. https://www.universetoday.com/157244/mars-insight-doesnt-find-any-water-ice-within-300-meters-under-its-feet/
China says it will try to protect its grain harvest from record-setting drought by using chemicals to generate rain, while factories in the southwest waited Sunday to see whether they would be shut down for another week due to shortages of water to generate hydropower.
The hottest, driest summer since the government began recording rainfall and temperature 61 years ago has wilted crops and left reservoirs at half their normal water level. Factories in Sichuan province were shut down last week to save power for homes as air conditioning demand surged, with temperatures as high as 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit). https://www.npr.org/2022/08/21/1118683699/china-grain-harvest-cloud-seeding
Psychiatrists disagree with US policy on psychoactive drugs
Doctors counter safety, abuse potential, therapeutic rationale of some scheduled drugs https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/962501
the James Webb Space Telescope does not take photographs with its large mirrors that can simply be transmitted back to Earth. Rather, raw light brightness data from Webb's detectors is sent to the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland. Scientists, including NASA researchers, translate that data into images, the best of which are publicly released.
This data repository is public, however, and citizen scientists can use this data to process images as well. In the case of the new Jupiter images, Modesto, California-based Judy Schmidt did this processing work. For the image that includes the tiny satellites, she collaborated with Ricardo Hueso, who studies planetary atmospheres at the University of the Basque Country in Spain. https://arstechnica.com/science/2022/08/new-webb-images-of-jupiter-show-dazzling-auroras-and-two-small-moons/
Apple, apricot, walnut, pear and plum – some of the most widely consumed temperate fruit and nuts globally – find their origins in the forests of Central Asia. Because of their value for home consumption and sale, they are also grown in the home gardens that rural inhabitants plant and nurture near their homesteads.
Research on home gardens has shown the critical roles these play in the livelihoods and sustenance of rural dwellers worldwide, but little scholarly attention has focused on home gardens in Central Asia, particularly in the English language literature. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/962373
That kind of work is fun but ultimately meaningless, he says, whereas working for Anduril would be “professionally fulfilling, spiritually fulfilling, fiscally fulfilling”.
Not all technology workers would agree that defence contracts are spiritually fulfilling. In 2018, Google employees revolted against Project Maven, an AI effort for the Pentagon. Staff at Microsoft and Unity have also expressed consternation over military involvement.
‘Billions of robots’
The first audience question on Thursday asked Luckey about the risks of autonomous AI – weapons run by software that can make its own decisions.
Luckey said he was worried about the potential of autonomy to do “really spooky things”, but much more concerned about “very evil people using very basic AI”. He suggested there was no moral high ground in refusing to work on autonomous weapons, as the alternative was “less principled people” working on them. https://theconversation.com/virtual-reality-autonomous-weapons-and-the-future-of-war-military-tech-startup-anduril-comes-to-australia-188983
Without proper diagnosis, autistic people can miss out on the kind of support that can make their lives healthier and happier. This is why the issue of female under-diagnosis is so important.
Further research is now needed to understand why men and women differ in their emotional needs in the first place, and whether this is shaped by societal expectations. We hope this will help improve clinical practice in identifying autistic women earlier in life.” https://www.news-medical.net/news/20220822/Autism-diagnosis-could-be-improved-by-considering-differences-in-how-men-and-women-process-emotions.aspx
Astrophysicist Avery Broderick led a team of researchers who used sophisticated imaging algorithms to essentially “remaster” the original imagery of the supermassive black hole at the center of the M87 galaxy.
“We turned off the searchlight to see the fireflies,” said Broderick, an associate faculty member at Perimeter Institute and the University of Waterloo. “We have been able to do something profound – to resolve a fundamental signature of gravity around a black hole.” https://scitechdaily.com/the-photon-ring-astrophysicists-resolve-a-fundamental-signature-of-gravity-around-a-black-hole/
Currently, over 80% of the global sulfur supply is in the form of sulfur waste from the desulfurisation of crude oil and natural gas that reduces the sulfur dioxide gas emissions that cause acid rain. However, decarbonisation of the global economy to deal with climate change will significantly reduce the production of fossil fuels - and subsequently the supply of sulfur.
This study, led by researchers at University College London (UCL), is the first to identify this major issue. The authors suggest that unless action is taken to reduce the need for this chemical, a massive increase in environmentally damaging mining will be required to fill the resulting resource demand. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/962313
Is Plywood Toxic? (Non-Toxic Alternatives) https://www.mychemicalfreehouse.net/2021/11/is-plywood-toxic-non-toxic-alternatives.html
These events are so catastrophic that they do not leave behind a black hole or neutron star. The entire star is destroyed and its layers are turned into elements heavier than hydrogen and helium and spread through the universe. We are here today because massive stars in the past did exactly that. We are made of those elements. If the mass of other stars has been overestimated, pair-instability supernovae might be rarer than thought, which has implications for our understanding of how the universe became what it is today. https://www.iflscience.com/this-is-the-best-ever-image-of-the-heaviest-star-in-the-known-universe-64967
The $318,000 ARENA grant seeks to establish a way to blend the raw solar power of a heatwave sun with the steady consistency of heat-exchange technology during frosty nights.
The electricity generated will power modern heat-pump air-conditioners. Meanwhile, a small-scale geothermal exchange will tap into constant underground soil temperatures to reduce how hard the air-conditioners have to work. The first technology demonstrator will be installed at the Bargo commercial poultry farm in Yanderra, New South Wales, later this year. https://cosmosmagazine.com/greenlight-project/chicks-cool-in-warm-climate/?amp=1
The team recruited 150 adults aged 65 and over to complete a task of recalling 20 words while their brain was constantly subjected to transcranial alternating current stimulation. High frequencies were delivered to front of the brain in a region called the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex to target long-term memory, while low frequencies were targeted at the inferior parietal lobe in an attempt to improve working memory.
The process was repeated on four consecutive days. Designed to test both types of memory, the results measured how well participants could recall items from the start of the list (long-term memory) and from the middle of the lists (working memory).
Participants showed improved memory as the four days progressed, particularly in those that scored lowest to begin with. These improved outcomes could still be measured one month later, suggesting the therapy has some longer-lasting effects. https://www.iflscience.com/scientists-boost-memory-for-1-month-using-brain-stimulation-65005
. “The work broadens our understanding of epigenetics in health—or the physical changes in cells’ DNA structure that affect the expression of genes in response to environmental cues. Importantly though, it revealed how dysregulation of epigenetic factors drive diseases such as Crohn’s that are rising in incidence because of the complex interplay of genes plus environment.”
Several TOP inhibitors are approved for the treatment of certain cancers, and many in the drug class are being tested in ongoing cancer clinical trials. These latest findings indicate that clinical trials should also test their effectiveness against Crohn’s disease. https://www.drugtargetreview.com/news/104662/study-reveals-novel-insights-into-crohns-disease/
Scientists develop AC that uses solid refrigerants and doesn’t hurt the environmentIt could one day replace existing air conditioning that uses refrigerants that are thousands of times more powerful than CO2 at trapping heat. https://www.zmescience.com/science/solid-refrigerant-ac-043214/
Satellites owned by private companies have played an unexpectedly important role in the war in Ukraine. For example, in early August 2022, images from the private satellite company Planet Labs showed that a recent attack on a Russian military base in Crimea caused more damage than Russia had suggested in public reports. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy highlighted the losses as evidence of Ukraine’s progress in the war.
Based on the strategic value commercial satellite imagery has held during this war, I believe it is likely that more nations will be investing in private satellite companies.
Soon after the war began, Ukraine requested data from private satellite companies around the world. By the end of April, Ukraine was getting imagery from US companies mere minutes after the data was collected.
My research focuses on international cooperation in satellite Earth observations, including the role of the private sector https://thespacereview.com/article/4438/1
Researchers at EPFL have discovered a material that seems to be able to “remember” all of its past encounters with stimuli, such as electrical currents. The compound could come in handy for better data storage and processing.
The material in question is vanadium dioxide (VO2), and it’s already known to have some intriguing properties. It’s normally an insulator, but when heated to 68 °C (154.4 °F) its lattice structure changes, meaning it acts like a metal instead. This can make it a great coating for windows or roofs that either block heat from the Sun or let it pass through, depending on the weather. Previous studies have even found that it can conduct electricity without conducting heat. https://newatlas.com/materials/vanadium-dioxide-memory-material/
Regular physical activity linked to lower risk of COVID-19 infection and severity
Best protection for weekly 150 mins moderate or 75 mins vigorous intensity physical activity https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/962275
Insight 46 study members are drawn from the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) 1946 British Birth Cohort. As the participants had been a part of the study throughout their lives, the researchers were able to compare their current brain ages to various factors from across the life course.
The participants were all between 69 and 72 years old, but their estimated brain ages ranged from 46 to 93. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/962361
Parents adopt unhealthy food routines for family wellbeing in place of unaffordable activities, study finds
New study suggests that low-income parents in England buy unhealthy food influenced not only by its availability, cheapness and marketing, but by non-food aspects of wellbeing that they are unable to provide their families. https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/962479
Skipping breakfast may increase chance of kids and teens developing psychosocial health problems
Eating breakfast at home is linked with fewer behavioral problems in young people, reports a new nationwide study from Spain https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/962261
The scenario is quickly changing, however. Algorithms that can sense human emotions and interact with them are quickly becoming mainstream as they come embedded in existing systems. Known as “emotional AI,” the new technology achieves this feat through a process called “non-conscious data collection”(NCDC), in which the algorithm collects data on the user’s heart and respiration rate, voice tones, micro-facial expressions, gestures, etc. to analyze their moods and personalize its response accordingly.
The online spread of misinformation has prompted debate about how social media platforms should police their content. A tacit assumption has been that censorship, fact-checking, and education are the only tools to fight misinformation. However, even well-intentioned censors may be biased, and fact-checking at the speed and scale of today’s platforms is often impractical. We ask the policy-relevant question: can one improve the quality of information shared in networks without deciding what is true and false? We show that caps on either how many times messages can be forwarded or the number of others to whom messages can be forwarded increase the relative number of true versus false messages circulating in a network, regardless of whether messages are accidentally or deliberately distorted. https://www.pnas.org/doi/abs/10.1073/pnas.2205549119?af=R
Furthermore, there is little information on the cognitive function of patients who recovered without hospitalization, even though they comprise most of the population infected with SARS-CoV-2. In addition, it is uncertain whether neurocognitive impairment is related to COVID-19 severity. Two recent studies with patients 2 to 8 months post-COVID-19 reported worse performance on cognitive tests as compared to controls who had no previous infection.
Now, a new study published in the PLOS ONE journal aims to analyze cognitive deficits in non-hospitalized patients 8 to 13 months post-COVID-19. It also aimed to investigate the variables that are associated with neurocognitive deficits, especially focusing on initial symptoms that suggest an association with the central nervous system (CNS) during the acute phase of infection. https://www.news-medical.net/news/20220823/Non-hospitalized-COVID-patients-show-only-minor-cognitive-impairments-at-long-term-follow-up.aspx
“Intuitively, the speculation between autism and environmentalism has resonated with the public, including autistic adults who helped co-produce our new research. We also know from research that interests in animals, nature, and the environment, are widely reported by autistic individuals, which enhances their subjective wellbeing and life satisfaction.
“However, our findings show the link between autism and environmentalism is not clear cut. Given our results, we strongly recommend a move away from ‘Thunberg-driven’ autism-based narratives, whether positive or negative, of recent advances in climate policy." https://www.bath.ac.uk/announcements/greta-thunberg-effect-belies-challenges-for-autistic-community-in-going-green/
Data privacy in the U.S. is, in many ways, a legal void. While there are limited protections for health and financial data, the cradle of the world’s largest tech companies, like Apple, Amazon, Google, and Meta (Facebook), lacks any comprehensive federal data privacy law. This leaves U.S. citizens with minimal data privacy protections compared with citizens of other nations. But that may be about to change.
With rare bipartisan support, the American Data and Privacy Protection Act recently moved out of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce by a vote of 53-2. Given the Biden administration’s responsible data practices strategy, White House support is likely.
As a legal scholar and attorney who studies and practices technology and data privacy law, I’ve been closely following the act, known as ADPPA. If passed, it will fundamentally alter U.S. data privacy law. https://theconversation.com/a-new-us-data-privacy-bill-aims-to-give-you-more-control-over-information-collected-about-you-and-make-businesses-change-how-they-handle-data-188279
Study author Dr. Insa de Buhr-Stockburger of Berlin Brandenburg Myocardial Infarction Registry (B2HIR), Germany said: "The correlation between air pollution and heart attacks in our study was absent in smokers. This may indicate that bad air can actually cause heart attacks since smokers, who are continuously self-intoxicating with air pollutants, seem less affected by additional external pollutants."
This study investigated the associations of nitric oxide, particulate matter with a diameter less than 10 µm (PM10), and weather with the incidence of myocardial infarction in Berlin. Nitric oxide originates from combustion at high temperatures, in particular from diesel vehicles. Combustion is also a source of PM10, along with abrasion from brakes and tyres, and dust. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/08/220823095522.htm
HNC patients who quit smoking at or around diagnosis had significantly better overall survival than continued smokers (SHR 0.80, 95% CI 0.70–0.91, n studies = 10). A beneficial effect of post-diagnosis smoking cessation was suggested for other survival endpoints as well, but the results were based on fewer studies (n = 5) and affected by publication bias. Cessation counselling should be offered to all smokers who start a diagnostic workup for HNC and should be considered standard multidisciplinary oncological care for HNC patients. PROSPERO registration number CRD42021245560. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41416-022-01945-w
Insecure income associated with nontraditional employment known as 'gig work' has a negative impact on the overall health and well-being of U.S. workers, according to a new article. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/08/220823135709.htm
Also striking are statistics among young conservatives. Less than half of Gen Z Republicans support more mining for coal, more hydraulic fracturing or more offshore drilling, compared with about 3 in 4 baby boomers in their party who support the activities. Those differences represent the largest generational divide on climate issues across any demographic, Tyson said.
In another Pew survey, 67% of Republicans aged 29 and under said they supported the country reaching "net zero" carbon emissions by 2050, in line with an international goal often supported by Democrats. https://phys.org/news/2022-08-kids-millennials-gen-climate.html
As summer continues, EWG continues to track toxic algae outbreaks across the U.S.
Toxic algae blooms have been on the rise nationwide, polluting lakes, ponds, rivers and other bodies of water and causing beach closures, making people sick and killing household pet and wildlife. Peak algae season is summer, due to sunny weather and warmer water, but blooms can occur any time – and off-season outbreaks have become more common in recent years. https://www.ewg.org/news-insights/news/2022/08/harmful-exposure-risks-and-dangers-toxic-algae-blooms
By comparing our time slice experiments with greenhouse warming experiments, we conclude that at least 37–48% of the increase of strong El Niño near the end of the 21st century is associated specifically with Arctic sea-ice loss. Further separation of Arctic sea-ice loss and greenhouse gas forcing only experiments implies that the seasonally ice-free Arctic might play a key role in driving significantly more frequent strong El Niño events. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-32705-2
In this paper, we quantify the consequences of a brand taking a political stance. In July 2020, the chief executive officer of Goya, a large Latin food brand, praised then president Donald Trump, triggering a boycott and a counter “buycott” movement supporting the brand. Using consumer-level purchase data, we measure the net effect of the boycott/buycott movements on sales. Boycott-related social media posts and media coverage dominated buycott ones, but the sales impact was the opposite: Goya sales temporarily increased by 22%. However, this net sales boost fully dissipated within three weeks. We then explore heterogeneity in the sales response with the goal of understanding which households are most likely to engage in political consumerism and what factors serve as frictions to participation. We document large sales increases (56.4%) in heavily Republican counties but do not find a strong countervailing boycott effect in heavily Democratic counties or among Goya’s core customer base—Latino consumers. Finally, we show that brand loyalty and switching costs are potential explanations for the limited evidence of boycotting among experienced Goya customers. https://pubsonline.informs.org/doi/abs/10.1287/mksc.2022.1386
Our study showed that, even if you aren't likely to live long based on your genes, you can still extend your lifespan by engaging in positive lifestyle behaviors such as regular exercise and sitting less. Conversely, even if your genes predispose you to a long life, remaining physically active is still important to achieve longevity." https://www.news-medical.net/news/20220824/Physical-activity-may-play-a-major-role-in-achieving-longevity-than-genetics.aspx
Do you really know what’s inside your tattoo ink? This study offers some cluesResearchers found that tattoo ink labels are largely inaccurate and may contain ingridients that are not listed. https://www.zmescience.com/science/news-science/whats-inside-tattoo-ink-095423/
The dramatic drought that’s gripping the world yields unexpected fruit in Texas: a set of dinosaur prints from 113 million years ago. https://www.zmescience.com/science/river-drought-texas-dinosaur-footprints-262452/
Bill aims to end Big Oil’s tax funded ‘climate misinformation’ campaigns Rep. Katie Porter wants to block tax credits for marketing that promotes oil and gas. https://www.mercurynews.com/2022/08/24/bill-aims-to-end-big-oils-tax-funded-climate-misinformation-campaigns/
We now have a glimpse into the lives of Europe’s earliest modern humans, thanks to digs in RomaniaThe area around Românești seems to have been an important stone-age projectile manufacturing site. https://www.zmescience.com/science/early-homo-sapiens-europe-tools-romanesti-92462452/
Researchers use AI to define priority areas for action to combat deforestation in the Amazon https://phys.org/news/2022-08-ai-priority-areas-action-combat.html
“This current study… is the first [of its kind] to causally or mechanistically look into possible side effects of all four common artificial sweeteners on the human microbiome and to assess whether in some people, [artificial sweeteners] will also impact glycemic responses through the microbiome,” Eran Elinav, the study’s lead researcher and a professor at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and the German National Cancer Center, tells Inverse.
So far, it’s looking like artificial sweeteners are failing at the one task they had: Rather than a healthy alternative to sugar, these substances may pose a considerable threat to human health. https://www.inverse.com/mind-body/artificial-sweeteners-gut-microbiome-health
Experts say ongoing fire and drought propelled by climate change will take a considerable toll on much of the state’s biodiversity — and California has a lot to lose. Considered to be one of the most biodiverse states in the U.S., California hosts about 6,500 animal species, subspecies and plants.
Chang, a video journalist and animator currently studying at the University of California, Berkeley, Graduate School of Journalism, decided that California was the ideal location to create a film about the global biodiversity crisis, which Mongabay released as part of its Mongabay Explains series. https://news.mongabay.com/2022/08/video-biodiversity-underpins-all-as-california-is-finding-out-the-hard-way/
RUDN ecologists with colleagues from Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique (Algeria) and France compared several systems of land cultivation in terms of the harmful effects of pesticides on human health. The authors named which methods are the safest and which harm a person the most. The results are published in Ecotoxicology and Environmental safety. https://www.newswise.com/articles/ecologists-figure-out-how-to-cultivate-fields-to-reduce-harm-of-pesticides
The White House has instructed federal agencies to make publicly funded research freely available immediately after publication, ending a loophole that let journals put it behind a paywall for a year. The updated guidance will take effect by the end of 2025, and it expands rules first announced in 2013 but criticized as insufficient by President Joe Biden. https://www.theverge.com/2022/8/26/23322194/white-house-ostp-open-access-federal-research-policy-update
The move follows an EPA announcement in June that PFOA and PFOS are more dangerous than previously thought and pose health risks even at levels so low they cannot currently be detected.
The agency issued nonbinding health advisories that set health risk thresholds for PFOA and PFOS to near zero, replacing 2016 guidelines that had set them at 70 parts per trillion. The chemicals are found in products including cardboard packaging, carpets and firefighting foam and increasingly found in drinking water. https://www.pbs.org/newshouhealth/two-forever-chemicals-to-be-named-hazardous-substances-says-epa-official
Reclaimed water has been widely used in urban area. However, residual pathogens in the recycled water have been frequently reported, and are identified as the main source of health risks for wastewater reuse. Thus, the paramount need is to ensure the safety of all potential end users. Common applications of reclaimed water such as road cleaning, greenfield irrigation or landscape fountain tend to produce significant amounts of aerosols, and people exposed to the aerosols containing pathogens might get illnesses. However, the relevant studies are rare and the amount of reclaimed water inhaled was often simply estimated by hypothesis.
This study entitled “Aerosol exposure assessment during reclaimed water utilization in China and risk evaluation in case of Legionella https://www.eurekalert.org/news-releases/962747
Early childhood weight affected by mother's diet during pregnancy https://www.ox.ac.uk/news/2022-08-26-early-childhood-weight-affected-mothers-diet-during-pregnancy
In recent years, internet firms have shut down online influence operations stemming from authoritarian regimes in China, Russia and Iran. The discovery of a U.S.-based online influence operation using many of the same techniques, such as fake people and fake followers to push a narrative, raises questions about who is behind the effort, its goals and whether the operation is effective. https://www.voanews.com/a/for-first-time-facebook-twitter-take-down-pro-us-influence-operation-/6717461.html
Obligatory Filler Material – the BBC DocuDrama. Emphasis on drama. Part 5 of ?
Continuing… submitted by Rocknocker to Rocknocker [link] [comments]
In and around 6 or so miles, Toivo gets on the radio and says he sees light flickering over to the west further.
Could be a campfire, or…worse.
I wheel it over to stop and Toivo piles out pointing in a westerly direction. Damned if there wasn’t the reflection of some sort of external combustion.
“Follow me, boys”, I said, saddling up and heading directly towards the flickering flames.
We were all armed to the teeth, just in case we walked up on a nest of “undesirables”; y’know, drug cartels, personal injury lawyers, televangelists…
We crest the second to last cuesta and drop into some serious xeric badlands topography.
Careful here or you’ll bust a tie-rod or other bits of your suspension.
Toivo lays on the horn. He’s as far as his car will carry him and the remining Toivo retinue.
“Jump in back”, I call, “And hang on.”
I drop into Granny Low and go grinding up the last hill before the fire.
“Holy shit!”, Toivo yells.
I respond in kind.
It was like a sight out of some sort of 1960s fantasy magazine.
Here was a heavily psychedelically painted ex-school bus, nose and tail suspended on the high ground with enough space below to walk under the damned things midsection.
We pull up and just start snickering.
“That takes real
talent”, Toivo notes chucklingly.
So, there we were all 4 of us, standing out in the middle of the Nevada desert at 0230 in the morning, chuckling, and smoking cigars.
“So, now what?”, Toivo asks. “We go up and knock?”
Just then, there’s a rustling on the far side of the bus. A heavily emaciated creature strolls into view. He carries no weapon, other than the smoldering Churchill-size blunt composed of some South of the Border agriculture; humming a well-used song:
“Toke-a-lid! Smoke-a-lid! Pop the mescalino! Stash the hash! Gonna crash! Make mine methedrino! Hop a hill! Pop a pill! For Old Tim…”
He stops and gawps.
“Yo. Dudes. What’s up?” asks the incredibly nearly 2-dimensional person.
“Yeah, howdy”, I say. “Were you the one that let off with the red flare?”
“Oh, yeah. I guess I did.”, the thin-clad one admitted. “Kind of forgot about that…”
“Well, we can see your dilemma.”, I continued. “Care to tell us what happened?”
“Oh, yeah. Sure man. Hey, you’re packin’ heat. You’re not ‘The Man’, are you?”, this gaunt male of our species asks, now terrified. It was something like a human, but not much; it stood six feet tall, but could not have weighed more than one hundred thirty-five pounds, dirt included. Standing with his long arms dangling almost to the ground, his body was covered with a pattern of startling hues, ranging from schizoid red to psychopathique azure.
“Us?”, I laugh and look at our rowdy, bedraggled bunch. “Nahh, we’re mining specialists. We’re camped over yonder getting ready to film a documentary on closing some of the nastier abandoned mines around here. I’m Rock. This is Toivo, and Teuvo, and Tuomo. You are…?”
The bony character openly snickers.
“Guess you aren’t ‘The Man’.” He chuckles a bit more, “There are some who call me…Tim. Tim Benzedrine. Ad yer service.” [
“Well, Tim”, I said after our typical manly handshakes ensue. “Perhaps we
can be of service. Seems you’ve got a bit of a sticky wicket on your hands. Care to clue us in?”
Tim just shrugged and loped over to an area that appeared at one time to be some form of a campsite.
He bade us to sit on the loose rocks and hunks of burr oak that hadn’t yet gone into the fire.
Toivo went back to my truck and liberated a case of beer and a bottle of Old Thought Provoker 101, and sat heavily, crunchily, upon his return.
Tim’s lean-bacon eyeballs lit up.
“Please”, I said, “By all means. Help yourself.”
He grabs a 6-pack out of the case and pours himself a mighty tot of my dangerous brown liquor into a cup he produced seemingly out of thin air.
“Must be thirsty work”, I said, “Driving that badly”, motioning to the suspended bus.
“Oh, yeah”, Tim said, “That was Hashberry. She was driving. She doesn’t know farts from deserts. She’s from Delaware.” [
“Oh?” I ask. “There’s someone else in the bus?”
“Yeah, Hash’s crashing right now. She got all nervy after she planted the bus. I thought it was cool, so I just decided to make camp right here, next to the bus…”
“And that explosion?” I replied, “Just before your flare?”
“Oh, that was me.”, Tim goofily smiled, “I built a little campfire and put the propane tank next to it to warm up the gas…”
Toivo, Teuvo, Tuomo and myself, as one, did a Jean-Luc Picardian head slap.
“Why did you want to warm up the propane?” I asked.
“To make a hotter fire”, Tim proudly responded. “That way, I could make tea more quickly for Hash and me.”
“We’re dealing with a live one here”, Toivo snickers lightly to me. Teuvo and Tuomo snuffle along in agreement.
“Well”, I said, “Good thing you were on the other side of Big Little Mesa when she blew.”
“Whoa! How did you know I went to take a leak?” Tim asked.
Toivo laughed, and replied “That’s our Dr. Rock. Back home we call him the miracle worker.”
“Oh, cool”, Tim said, seemingly amped up by the credentials.
“Yeah”, I replied, “PhD in Petroleum Geology and a DSc in Petroleum Engineering. But doesn’t take a bunch of advanced STEM degrees to see if you were on this side of the mesa when she let loose, we’d be fitting you for a funeral urn.”
“Whoa! No way! Way cool!”, Tim exclaimed. “I’ve got a PhD in Psychopharmacology and Hash has one in Botany”, he gushes preferring not to dwell on his splattery near-miss exit.
“Now wait a just stir-fried minute”, I said, “I remember a Dr. Clemons Hundertwasser and a Dr. Isabella Porter from Chicago Circle Campus who had purchased an old school bus, ‘renovated’ it and went on expedition in the desert SW to catalogue…herbs?”
“Yep”, ‘Tim’ replied through a shaky smile. “That’s us, or, rather, was us.”
“You left, if memory serves, in 1991.” I noted.
“Yep”, Tim smiled crookedly, “It’s been a while. But you should see the book we’re going to get out of all this…”
“I can imagine.” I smiled.
“How do you survive out here?” Teuvo asked.
“Oh, we do a little teaching, a little gardening, a little merchandising. Odd jobs, y’know, just enough to keep us on the road.” Tim related.
It was clear as Russian premium vodka to us all that ‘Tim’ and ‘Hash’ tuned in, turned on and dropped out.
But, at least Tim seemed happy.
‘Hashberry’ appeared at the door of the bus, which was a good 6 feet off the ground, and asked what all the hubbub was.
We helped Hash over to where Toivo and company had actually started a safe campfire and we all sat down and had a very nice chat and a cup or two of some rather interesting ‘tea’.
“Sorry if we woke you”, I said.
“We heard the explosion and saw the flare, so we thought we’d drop by for a ‘say howdy’”, Toivo said.
“What explosion? What flare?” Hash was a tad bit confuzzled.
Tim owned up to nearly blowing them both into the next dimension, and had actually tripped with the flare gun. However, it was deucedly lucky to be pointed skyward when his bony finger squoze the trigger.
“And that’s how we came here to be in your service.” I said.
“Well, the bus is stuck well and solid.” Hash said. “It’s been that way for a week or so.”
“Tim?” I said.
“Oh, yeah.”, he smirkled, “Forgot about that…” [chuckle]
“Well”, I exhaled a huge blue cloud stratosphere-ward, “That’s why we’re here. To render aid and assistance.”
“Can you fix the bus?” Hash asked.
“I’m not certain”, I replied, looking over to Toivo and company.
They were all shaking their heads yes.
“OK, on with it.” I said.
“Bring your truck up and well use those damn lights of yours to illuminate the area. We can easily walk around and under the bus and truth be told, this isn’t rocket surgery. These things are built like tanks and very simple mechanically.”
I tossed Teuvo my truck keys and he lit out into the slightly brightening desert to bring Grayzilla up and parked it where we can best utilize the lights.
The Toivo Triplets all took off and went on examining the bus, where somehow my best Maglite had been liberated from my truck.
I sat on a very comfortable hunk of Cretaceous Mesa Verde sandstone. I was stirring my tea with the soggy end of my cigar to best distribute the vodka I had added to take that unusual wall-melting aftertaste away.
“Hey, Rock”, Tim asked, “Shouldn’t you be up there helping them?”
[chuckles]. “I only ride 'em, I don't know what makes 'em work. [chuckles].
Tim and Hash looked perplexed.
Was it the tea?
“Don’t worry”, I said, “Toivo and company are the best. I’m doing what I do best. Why not join me?”
Tim and Hash looked more perplexed.
There wasn’t much problem with the bus that a new battery, fuel pump, starter and a few other bits and pieces wouldn’t fix.
“Oh, shit”, Tim said, “We’re sort of dry up right now. Besides, we can’t hardly drive to town to pick up parts.
“Don’t worry”, I said, “If you’d like, I want to second you to our little documentary. I can pay you a fair salary or per diem, as long as you’ll stick with us for the next two weeks and help out identifying unusual indigenous flora, fungi, and fauna.”
Hash and Tim went into an immediate huddle.
“I can pay you cash, if you like.” I noted. “I’ll leave you a W-2 form. What you do with it after we depart is up to you. Of course, being seconded to our little group means your vehicle is also seconded. In order for you to work it has to work. Therefore, join up for the duration and we’ll give your bus the best going over and fix what needs to be fixed that you might keep up with us. Of course, you’ll be offered board, since you already have the room and just sign a paper regarding safety, of which I am boss. We have a deal?”
“What about ‘recreational’ agriculture”, Tim asked.
“Tobacco is fine. Vape if you must. Whatever you do is up to you. You’re adults, and I’ve not been one to tell anyone what to do, except where it infringes on my areas of expertise or abuts safety protocol. In other words, keep yourselves workable during the day, and at 1700 hours daily, the Smoking/Drinking light is always lit.” I smiled, took a large quaff of some of the damnedest tea I’ve had in years, and blew another smoke ring skyward.
“Now where the hell do I set my cigar?” I wondered.
Tim and Hash signed. They were now, more or less my problem.
Toivo and company reported the condition of the bus and what was needed to get it back to, well, I won’t say 100%; let’s just call it ‘conditionally operable’.
I went to my truck and pulled out my Agency laptop. I ginned up a quick letter for Dr. Muleshoe back in Reno to source the following parts for a 1993 Chevrolet C60 school bus. This one had the 366 cu in (6.0 L) gas engine, four-speed split-axle manual transmission and the usual 8.25-20 steel-belted tires.
What we needed was a set of tie rods, a fuel pump, starter, a couple deep-draw truck batteries, and about 30 gallons of fuel.
I’m sure Dr. Muleshoe knows better than I where to source these parts around Reno.
I suggested leaving the bus right where it was, as it’ll take a bit of time to locate and retrieve the parts. Then I’ll need the Toivo Triplets to do the needful, whereupon Grayzilla and I will winch the bus gently down off its perch and we’ll be able to roll it over to base camp.
So it was decided that since dawn was creeping over the cuesta, that Hash and Tim would toss their necessary equipment into Grayzilla. They would live for a couple of days in my spare cabin tent once we get on site.
We locked up their bus, like anyone’s about out here, and get Hash and Tim settled in my truck with all their gear occupying less than a quarter of the bed of my great gray pickup.
“Oh, wow”, Tim exclaimed once he was seated and belted in the truck. “Oh, wow. Looks like you’re headed the wrong way to get out...”
Time never finished that sentence as I threw Grayzilla into Granny low, popped the clutch and proceeded to make new roads wherever I needed to go.
In this case, up the back side of a 400
It was slow, crunchy and occasionally terrifying, but we made it to open ground. I disengaged the 4WD, and spun up great Dust Devils on out short trip back to camp.
We wheel into camp to find bacon sizzling, coffee perking, pancakes bubbling and about half the crowd out of their beds and gathering for some calories and caffeine.
“Hash, Tim, “ I said most Dr. John Alfred Hammond-ly, “Welcome to Triassic Park.”
There’s a story about the name, we’ll get to that a bit later.
Hash and Tim began to chuckle, titter and finally went into full out conniptions.
“It looks like a Boy Scout convention”, Tim laughed.
“Yuck it up, sunshine. I’m the headmaster of this particular special education course.” I snarled, though just a bit.
“Oh, Rock”, Tim snuffled, “No disrespect intended. It’s just that when Hash and I see groups hanging about in the desert, we avoid them. Could be Boy Scouts, Young Republicans, or worse, religious nutjobs.”
“I assure you that we’re none of those. In fact, let’s go meet some of the others that make up this ragtag collection of misfits and Brits.”, I smiled.
Apart from the inevitable “Where the hell have you been?”, there were introductions all around and explanations that Hash was a botanist and going to help me with interesting flora and fungi in the mines we’re going to close. I also made up an elaborate lie about Tim, as his being a psychopharmacologist is going to be difficult to shoehorn into the crowd, so I just mentioned he had a doctorate in medicine and would prove most useful in this crowd of city dwellers, tinhorns and tenderfeets.
That satisfied everyone and the Toivo triplets helped Hash and Tim erect their new home and get things settled, just as soon as we had the tent aligned with the North Star and its opening to the south.
“Is that for weather concerns?” I asked Hash.
“Nahhh…better for Feng Shui that way.” She giggled back.
I have to admit, I’ve heard worse reasons for doing silly things while performing mundane tasks.
After a sumptuous Bison sausage patty, real maple syrup-laced pancake breakfast, I got on the blower and told everyone there would be a short meeting and some words regarding what we were actually doing out here.
“Finally”, came a burst anonymously from the crowd.
“Wiseass”, I thought heavily back.
Finally getting some measure of decorum, I slipped into Manager mode and gave the spiel:
“Now”, I began, “according to the Nevada Division of Minerals, there are around 200,000 abandoned mines, some 50,000 of which pose serious public safety hazards. Thousands of Nevada's abandoned mines are on public land simply because most of the state is under federal jurisdiction of one type or another. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) manages almost 48 million acres of Nevada's public lands.
Another difference in Nevada is that there are a much greater concentration of unsafe structures around abandoned mine sites. These include headframes, old buildings, equipment scattered about, ore cart rails, and tailings piles. It is also noted that it is against Federal and state law to take any items you find from public lands that may be cultural, historical, or archaeological artifacts; so no blowing up old mining camps.
According to a recent study by the BLM, Nevada has at least 10,648 physical safety hazard sites, which is the highest of any state. This estimate is low, as much of the state has yet to be inventoried. Just this last year, 516 rescues had to be performed. Also, over 250 body recoveries had to be done as well.
It’s a veritable Wally World of potential death out there, people.
Nevada’s Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) Program is focused on mitigating potential human health and ecological concerns associated with contamination from legacy heavy metal mining operations (inactive or abandoned mine lands).
AML sites operated generally from the 1860's through the late-20th century on both public and private lands within the state. AML sites also include mills, mill tailings, acid mine drainage, waste rock dumps, heap leach pads, pit lakes, chemical hazards, and associated structures and roads.
However, this project will focus solely on abandoned mines and not the hydrology and other physical aspects of these nasty old holes in the ground.
They are also not only interested in these mines as abodes for bats, but turtles, tortoises, owls, and other like-minded creatures as well.
The state, BLM and DOI has done some initial vetting work, and have designated those mines slated for closure permanently and those that will be remediated for animals. Each year, mines are added to a list; primed for closing. They check for certain mine characteristics since mines providing bat and other animal habitat will have available water, good air flow within the mine, and complexity of shafts and adits at different levels, and are treated differently.”
I paused for a smoke and coffee break, but there were a few questions:
- How many mines are we going to close?
a. 10 to 12, depending on logistics and such things.
- Does everyone get to go to all 10 mine closures?
a. Nope. I’ve set up a rota so all film crews get 3 mines exclusively, and we’ll all have some fun with the last mine.
- Do we shift base camp or de we live here for the next fortnight? . a. Good question. I was going to make this a nomadic sort of project, but now see that it’s best to keep everyone in one spot and travel by vehicle to the mines. It’s logistically easer and makes our cooks and cleaners most pleased.
- Who gets to go into the mines?
a. Me, and the Toivo Triplets. That’s it.
- Whaddya mean; we don’t go into the mines?
a. Oh, you will. Once we vet them, do a little mapping and make sure it’s safe for greenhorn potholers like yourselves. But remember, we need to do one mine a day. Don’t worry, you’ll be sick of this whole shebang in no time.
- How does the rota work?
a. We have three film crews. I’ve split up the venturing parties along those lines. I’ll meet this afternoon with the heads of each team and see if there’s any shifting that needs to be done.
- When do we go?
a. I hope this afternoon. But before anyone heads out into the wild, they need check-outs on PPEs.
- Fuck! How long will that take?
a. Longer the more you sit around and bitch about things. Now, I’d like the leader of the teams to meet me over by my truck. We sort out personnel, then PPEs and holy shit, we’ll be out of here come lunchtime.
It was head down, ass up for the next 4 hours. We got the rota sorted, that was the least of our problems. Then we needed to checkout everyone with PPEs. But first, we had to round up everyone that was on one rota. One had taken off following a wild horse, one went looking for desert things, one more just seemed to have disappeared.
We finally rounded Rota 1 up and with the Toivo Triplets, we had them up and running, so to speak, with all the PPEs one could possibly want to carry. We made loads of notes and remember, I was still on dossier duty of Agents Rack and Ruin, so I spent a lot of time in my tent typing furiously.
The lunch whistle blew just as Toivo and his crew were doing an audit of PPEs. Looks like all are set up, checked out and able to walk with myself and one or more of the Toivo clan in the mines we are going to close.
I had a quick lunch and re-did, for the 10th time, an audit of my explosives. Which counting vials of nitro, I remembered I needed to get some info about the first mine we were going to close. A bit later, and I decided to go with the Strangled Antelope silver mine. It was only one story, basically a long tunnel with some various side raises and winzes. It was in the high country, so probably dry and therefore easier to reconnoiter.
The Strangled Antelope mine lies in an area of rugged mountains that reach to an altitude of almost 10,000 feet and have nearly a mile of total relief. The mountains are bounded to the north by a heavily dismembered tableland of younger basic volcanic rocks and interdigitated terrigenous sediments. The western sector of the area is underlain by Precambrian phyllite, quartzite, and schist and by plausible Paleozoic limestone, quartzite, and high-grade muscovite-garnet phyllite. These rocks have been intruded by biotite-garnet-quartz monzonite and hornblende-biotite-lithianite quartzose diorite of Cretaceous age and locally metamorphosed to andalusite-labradorite and biotite-cordierite-staurolite hornfels grade.
Peripherally, these rocks are overlain by thick lenticular accruals of conglomerate and lighter-colored silicic tuffs and by an extensive covering of intermediate to silicic tuff and lava. The older volcanic rocks and the basement on which they rest have been extensively faulted and tectonized; the youngest lavas of this sequence are the host rocks for deposits of gold and silver and have been eroded to a surface of very low relief. On this surface are several distinguishable volcanogenic sequences of silicic, mostly rhyolitic, pyroclastics and flows, which have been tilted gently northward and eroded. On this erosion surface rest gravel and basalt of Plio-Pleistocene age. Erosion has been the dominant geomorphic process since eruption of the basalt, but locally much of the surface is mantled with stream, landslide, mass wasting and glacial deposits. (After Coates, 1964)
“Excellent”, I muttered to no one in particular, “It’s pretty close, yet back in the boonies. Should be mostly untouched and won’t have to worry about kids or campers up that far into the hills.”
I ran several copies of the map, with GPS data; and had Toivo and Co. begin the loading of Rota 1 with their equipment and made certain we had a full tally front and back by the time we left.
Grayzilla carried all the PPE gear and the BBC chaps took their own kit. This would work out great, as the Toivo Triplets and myself would reconnoiter each mine, they could get their gear set up and calibrated. We’d show up, get them kitted in our PPE gear and off to the mine. While Toivo would take the film crew around, I’d grab Tuemo, get the necessary pyrotechnics and begin setting up for the big event.
Although, I must say that I couldn’t quite resist setting a series of smaller charges, just so the filmography crew couldn’t later complain they didn’t get enough action in the can. Most of the charges were simply set to close the ‘boca’ (mouth) of the mine, as this was the only way in or out. That’s why I chose this one as it was close, dirty, and essentially moron proof.
I had Toivo set a small (3 Kg) C4 charge at the mine face, that could be detonated by remote control. I like to have some insurance when there’s crowds of English root weevils filming everything to within an inch of its life.
Out front of the mine’s single opening, we all sat for a breather, a smoke but no booze, at least not yet. These guys were seriously winded while the Toivo Triplets and I felt we could whip up a quick game of bocce.
Anyways, I gathered up all the folks and got them a safe distance from the mine.
“Now, ladies and gentlemen”, I said loudly, “Here’s where the rubber hits the road. Why we’re here and why we’re doing these things. Toivo?”
“Fire in the hole. Fire in the hole. Fire in the hole! Compass clear!”
Three quick tweets on an airhorn, a look around the compass and I signaled to Toivo: “HIT IT!”
We felt, rather than heard that shot deep in the mine at the old mine face.
Then we heard a sound like a reflected fart of the giants from days of yore.
Then, there was the roil of smoke, dust and a couple of cheezed-off short nosed bats as the explosion rolled from the face to the entrance of the mine.
Then it was quiet.
“What?”, the BBC soundman said, “That’s it? We traveled all those miles, put up with all this shit just to listen to a popcorn fart in some old, ratty fuckin’ hole in the ground?”
I smiled at all their venom.
“Not as such”, I replied.
Toivo repeated his mantra, and decided that he and the guys should probably get a few more meters back. Like a half-a-thousand or so…
“You heard it!”, I laughed maniacally, “FIRE IN THE MOTHERFUCKING
Toivo heard his cue and yelled as loud as he could: “HIT IT!”
Captain America appeared out of my pocket and I pressed Shot 1, Channel 1.
A full case of DuPont 60% Herculene Extra Fast kicked the back wall so hard, the blast was reflected forward, as I had foreseen, and took out the western wall.
I pressed for Shot 1, Channel 2 and about a half-gallon of nitroglycerine shook the rafters, and scrubbed all that old timber work and toppled the gobbing by loose waste rock. That entrance was being dissected, one shot at a time. Shot 1, Channel 3 detonated another case of dynamite, which is so good at fracturing rock and making little ones out of big ones.
Little ones that poured from the blast area and filtered down to fill any errant gaps.
Shot 1, Channel 4 was the piece de resistance
. Fully 20 kilos of Kinestik (liquid binary) explosive, all set with millisecond-delay blasting caps which first fired on the roof of the mine, then simultaneously at both sides, the followed by a set of heaving-deflagrating charges in the floor the basically have the place ‘shrug its shoulders’ and allow for air to escape the mine as finely divided rock, metal and woodworks crash down and seal this fucker off one and for all time.
With that, Job #1 was done.
I sat down, relit my cigar, loosened my PPEs and produced a flask for Toivo and the boys who were waiting to see it that was it or if I had anything special left.
The BBC crew sat there, on piles of breakdown and other waste rock, completely stunned.
“I didn’t know it would go so fast.” Said one.
“Damn. That was incredibly loud.” Said another.
“Hey. They’re drinking. Why aren’t we?” Said one other slightly more observant chap.
We all relocated to our vehicles, some 1500 meters or so down the “road”. I produced a map of the mine, showed them the places we picked to charge and noted it went off without a hitch.
“That’s why Toivo and company and myself check the place out first. This was, as you say, a walk in the park. They get progressively more bizarre and complicated as time goes on.” I explained.
I also told them that this was a ‘quick-job’, as it was beginning to lose light already, I went with pre-galved charges, and I really wanted to get one in so we could have something to talk about that evening.
They did ask what I used to fire the charges.
I showed them the all new, fully transistorized, WiFi-enabled, battle-hardened, wireless Captain America detonator.
“Can I take a look at that?” one of the BBC guys asked.
“Sure”, I said, “But don’t press any buttons.”
I lost $10 to Toivo. He said they’d fuck with the detonator and press a button within 1 minute. I said that it’s take them at least 2 minutes.
The loud final blast from the little noisemaker I left for just such an emergency went off 25 seconds after I handed them the detonator.
“Now see what you’ve done?”, I roared. “You pressed the button, didn’t you? Even after I told you not to!”
To a man, they went white.
“Do you know what this means? “ I roared some more.
They looked at the ground, looked at me, gulped and said they didn’t know what that means.
“That means you buy all the drinks tonight. Can’t listen to your leader? Pay through the nose. Adios, guys, see you back at camp.” I said as Toivo and the triplets headed for their car, I jumped into Grayzilla and didn’t leave too
They could still follow our dustclouds all the way back to base camp. To be continued.
My experience in Bangalore.
Update: Meghana mutton biryani didn't disappoint, was really good, light, I didn't feel spicy, tender young goat judging from the diameter of the marrow bone. Well done Bangalore 👏 submitted by bilby2020 to bangalore [link] [comments]
I am finally in Bangalore after 22 years, I started my career here. The biggest change that I perceive is the traffic, it is so much more than I imagined even after reading all the posts here. My experiences are a bit mixed. The airport taxi I got at night was too small, he put my luggage on a carrier on the roof and tied it with ropes, a bit shocking. Lots of touts and auto drivers at Cubbon park and Vidhana Soudha that recognise me as tourist and try to take me and my wife to saree shops on commercial street. The Cauvery handicraft shop has real good quality artefacts but their service and billing process is stuck in the 60’s. The weather is nice, pollution is not too bad. I walked a lot today all along MG road, Kasturba oad, Raj Bhavan Ed etc. Footpaths need to be better. Cubbon park maintenance is bad except near the statue.
So far food (I had Mysore masala dosa) is good, going to try Meghana biryanis tonight. Auto and Uber drivers, all of them could speak Hindi too, maybe my luck but it was helpful.
Need your opinion fellow Redditors - Budget 15L, Bangalore
submitted by pym2205 to CarsIndia [link] [comments]
I have the following criteria -
- CSUVs: Pothole ridden roads, upright driving position, a bit of looks
- Automatic: Easy to drive in the city and traffic
- Petrol: Intend to keep the car for long term, at least 10 years
- Sunroof: It's Bangalore, might as well enjoy the good weather if not the roads / traffic
- Also need decent cabin space, boot space, hopefully >12 kmpl mileage
I am leaning towards Sonet HTX DCT / Venue N6 DCT.
Other options I was considering -
- XUV 300 W6 AMT: AMT transmission and relatively older features
- Nexon XZA Plus: Not a fan of it's looks, relatively low mileage
- Maruti Brezza Zxi AT: Everything else is great just that my parents have a Baleno and I thought a change from Maruti would be good
Would welcome your thoughts.
What Happened in the World, Oct 16 - 23
What Happened in the World, Oct 16 - 23 submitted by Paradise7D to collapse [link] [comments]
Natural calamities. Please note that there's happening so much, no list can be truly complete. Stay safe out there, guys.
Here's what I think was this week's worst one: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h8NroUrZhv8
Canada (British Columbia, ongoing)
India (Bihar; drought footage comes later in the video, starting at around 3:30)
Kenya (3.1 million on the brink of starvation)
Somalia (20 million affected in the entire Horn of Africa)
USA (ongoing; I chose just one video here, about the Mississippi river, to represent the rest)
EARTHQUAKES: (only magnitude 6+)
Coast of Central America (magnitude 6.3)
Panama (Punta de Burica, Chiriquí, magnitude 6.7, 4,000 exposed to strong shaking, 145,000 to moderate shaking, no casualties)
Haiti (cholera, 37 in-hospital deaths, 123 confimed cases, 996 suspected cases)
Lebanon (cholera, the Syrian outbreak quickly spread to Lebanon’s Akkar and Baalbek governorates, 29 confirmed cases so far, another 41 cases currently under investigation)
Pakistan (malaria, 3.4 million cases with a rapid upsurge in Balochistan and Sindh after the devastating floods in June / update on the dengue fever situation, 25,932 cases, 62 deaths)
Uganda (ebola, 75 cases in 7 districts, 29 dead, 27 recovered, 11 healthcare workers infected (four of which are now dead))
Australia (Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania, 4 dead, hundreds of houses flooded)
Benin (27 out of 77 municipalities affected, hardest hit were Athieme, Bonou, Karimama, Zagnanado, Ouesse, Savalou, Zogbodomey, Tchaourou, Dangbo, and Ze, 40+ dead, 3 missing, 73,000 people affected 1,328 households displaced, 1,400 houses damaged, 670 houses completely destroyed, significant livestock losses, 18,769 hectares of crops and farmland flooded, significant damage to infrastructure)
Brazil (Paraná state, 6 dead, thousands displaced, 21,900 affected, 1,400+ houses across 38 municipalities damaged)
Chad (Southern and Central Chad, N’Djamena, Mayo Kebbi Est, Logone Occidental, Tandjilé, Mandoul, 1,002,000 people affected, 465,000 hectares of crops damaged, 19,000 livestock dead)
Colombia (Tolima, Boyacá, no fatalities, 5,200 people affected, 1,300 houses damaged by floods or landslides, roads washed out / Bosconia, Cesar, 1 dead, 2 missing, 15,000 to 20,000 people affected)
Cyprus (Limassol, Nicosia, Larnaca, Paphos, Famagusta)
France (Centre, Languedoc-Roussillon, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Rhône-Alpes, Bourgogne)
Greece (Agía Pelagía, Lygaria, Irákleion, Lasithi, Sitia, Kasteli, Rethýmnis, Crete, 2 dead)
India (Attur, Tamil Nadu, bridge washed away / Uttar Pradesh / Northern India in general, 18+ dead / Pune, Kolhapur, Maharashtra / Bangalore)
Indonesia (Bogor, Java, Bangli, Jembrana, Karangasem, Malang, Trenggalek, Luwu, Penukal Abab Lematang Ilir, North Lombok, Mamuju, Sulawesi, 5 dead, 3 injured, 30,000 affected, 5,000 houses damaged, landslides)
Mexico (Tabasco, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz, several landslides, tropical storm Karl, tropical cyclone Nineteen, tropical cyclone Roslyn, 3 dead)
Nigeria (Bayelsa, Yenagoa, Sagbama, Ekeremor, Ogbia, Kolokuma, Southern Ijaw, Abuja, Anambra, Delta, Cross River, Rivers, 603 dead, 1,302,589 displaced, 2,504,095 affected, 2,407 injured, 82,053 houses destroyed, 203,400 houses damaged, 108,392 hectares of farmland damaged, 332,327 hectares completely destroyed, along with roads and other infrastructure)
Philippines (Calayan Island, Cagayan, Isabela, Batanes, Ilocos, Cordillera, Northern Mindanao, typhoon Neneng, tropical cyclone Obet/Twentyfive, landslides and flash floods, 5 dead, 2 injured, 181,185 affected, 279 houses damaged, 50 houses destroyed)
Sri Lanka (Colombo, Kolonnawa, Seethawaka, Gampaha, Kalutara, 3 dead, 2 injured, 5,380 evacuated, 5 houses destroyed, 207 houses damaged, landslides)
Taiwan (Sanmin, Guanyin, Yuli)
Thailand (59 out of 77 provinces affected, 450,000 houses flooded, 107,000 hectares of agricultural land damaged)
Türkiye (Musazade, Sundura, Arhavi, Hopa, Artvin province, basements and ground floor flooded)
UK (Bedford, England)
Venezuela (Maracay, Aragua, 3 dead, 50 houses damaged or destroyed)
Vietnam (provinces Quảng Ngãi, Thừa Thiên Huế, Quảng Trị, Đà Nẵng, Lâm Thủy, and Quảng Bình, tropical storm Sonca/cyclone Nesat, 25,000 houses flooded, 1 dead, 37,000+ displaced, 800+ affected by landslides)
Brazil (Santa Catarina)
France (Poitou-Charentes, Centre, Haute-Normandie, Basse-Normandie)
Lebanon (Doûma, Liban-Nord, Aakaar el Aatiqa, Aakkâr, Kfar Habou, Harf El Siyad, Miniâra, Tripoli)
Türkiye (Abdurrahmanlar, Şatırlı, Eskiyörük, Antalya province)
USA (Maricopa County, Arizona)
Gabon (Libreville, 7 dead)
India (Upper Siang, Arunachal Pradesh / Uttarakhand)
Indonesia (Trenggalek Regency, East Java, 50 houses damaged)
Peru (Cumbre, Carabaya province, 2 dead, 3 injured, several missing)
Philippines (Northern Luzon / Malitbog, Bukidnon province, 5 dead)
Sri Lanka (Warakapola, 2 dead, 1 injured)
Taiwan (Xizhi, Datong, several landslides stranded 254 motorists in 88 vehicles, 100+ people evacuated, 3,565 households without power)
Cyprus (Agios Therapon, Vouni, Limassol, damages to roofs and chimneys, cars damaged, large trees uprooted)
France (Herbignac, Région Pays de la Loire, roofs and cars damaged, trees uprooted / Conty, Picardie / Bihucourt, Nord-Pas-de-Calais)
- Alithia – page 3; it is speculated that this was a tornado; especially because there was another one 1 hour and 35 minutes later, in Ayia Napa/Famagusta, albeit primarily over water
Norway (Brevikstranda, Telemark region, buildings almost fully destroyed, trees uprooted)
- TA – paywall, very sorry about that
- Pictures 1, 2, 3, 4
USA (Michigan, heavy snowfall in October)
Brazil (Río Grande Do Sul)
China (Macao, Hongkong, Hainan Island, tropical cyclone Nesat)
France (Coquainvilliers, Les Préaux, Épaignes, Gaillon, Ferrières-en-Bray, Muids, Beuzeville, Boulleville, La Neuve-Grange, Amiens, Bullecourt – generally, in Basse-Normandie, Haute-Normandie, Picardie, and Nord-Pas-de-Calais)
Türkiye (Uzunkuyu, Adıyaman, 78 sheep killed by lightning strikes)
UK (Addington, Little Berkhampstead, Terling, Croydon, South London – people speak of a "mini tornado")
USA (dust storm in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 2 dead, trees uprooted)
– CNN - YouTube
USA (Nakia Creek fire, Washington, thousands evacuated, 2,000 acres [on Sunday])
Addendum: items that didn't make the main list, but were notable for other reasons:
- The Iguazú Falls on the Argentinian/Brazilian border are overflowing due to heavier-than-usual monsoon rains. To me, they’re the most beautiful waterfalls in the world – but look at them now.
- Hailstorm in Arkansas
- More floods hit Chad – the 9th district of N’Djamena is completely submerged, the 7th district partly, hundreds are displaced
- Severe wind gusts in Denmark (Torsminde, Kongsmark, Lemvig, Brønderslev, Vester Vedsted, Jammerbugt, Klokkerholm, Vadum, Strandby, Frederikshavn, Skamby, Bjørnstrup, Samsø, Skuldelev, Hanstholm, Hirtshals, roads impassable due to uprooted trees, large tree branches snapped off, heavy precipitation)
- Storms in Ecuador (Amazónica, Sierra)
- Wind gusts in Finland (Etelä-Suomen lääni)
- Heavy rain in Germany (Taunusstein, Schmitten, Oberreifenberg, Neu-Anspach, Usingen, Westerfeld, Wehrheim, Villingen – link is audio)
- Sandstorm in Jordan
- Drought situation in Minnesota
- Hailstorm in Windhoek, Namibia
- Drought situation in Oklahoma
- Heavy rain in Portugal (Merelim, Dume, Arcozelo, Macieira de Rates, Braga, São João do Souto, Vila Frescainha, Barcelinhos)
- Veldfires in South Africa (Ubuntu, Twee Rivieren, Kareeberg)
- Small forest fire in Spain – Casa de los Gargantones, Région de Murcia, 170 m² and quickly contained
- Basements flooded in Hogstad, Östergötlands Län, Sweden – paywall, I’m deeply sorry
- Severe thunderstorm in Terrell County and Brewster County, Texas
- Small flood in Türkiye (Manavgat, Aydınevler, Antalya province, basements flooded)
Segway P100S: In Pursuit of Perfection (Initial Impressions Review from a Day-One Owner)
| || |Segway P Series Essential Details submitted by Ruskityoma to ElectricScooters [link] [comments]
With a title like that, you expect something that amounts to nothing but praise, right? Well, the emphasis here is on the word "pursuit," but I'll do my best to justify what comes close to "perfection."
I know the sub has been actively discussing the P Series since Segway's announcement in March of this year, and with initial crowdfunding deliveries just taking place this week, I hope to put my experience with eScooters in general and with the P100S, specifically, to use here.
First, an important preface...
Who am I and why is this initial impressions review worth reading?
Based out of Los Angeles in Southern California, I've spent the last few years actively involved in the PEV community, primarily focused on full-on electric vehicles—I daily drive a Tesla Model 3, so my normal commute is also powered by an electric motor—but honed in on electric scooters.
My miles have been accrued on everything from the wide roster of Segway-Ninebot consumer models, to more niche and high-performing Nami and Wolf models out in the wild. As Los Angeles has a mature rideshare network in place, I've also put in countless miles/hours on varying models from Bird, Spin, Evo, etc.
Given Segway's rise to stardom in the industry, I planned on purchasing a pair of Ninebot Max scooters (one for me and one for my wife) at the tail-end of last year, but when Segway announced the GT and P Series earlier this year, I kicked my research into high gear, connecting with active people in the ElectricScooters
subreddit and various others to try and gain as much of a pre-purchase education as possible.
My personal use-case and goal were to arrive upon the best possible option for a city explorer, versatile eScooter, loaded with tech, capable of robust top-speed, and toward the top of the charts in terms of efficiency/range. While I may use my eScooter for occasional commutes, my general purpose is recreational riding, exploration, and light errand running across LA's Westside.
When Segway finalized the spec sheet and launched the Kickstarter, my wife and I pulled the trigger on a pair of P100S. Fortunate to be based out of Los Angeles, our units were day-one deliveries, taking just a single day to go from Segway's Katy, Texas distribution center to our home address.
The Personal Rider Details to Consider:
- Rider Weight (Total payload during miles tested as of this writing): 165 lbs
- Ambient Temperatures (during miles tested as of this writing): 70-78 F
- Road Surfaces/Types Tested: Primarily city/residential (newly paved and older, rougher), along with light trail (dirt and sand)
- Hill Grades Tested: Flat ground, steep descents, and 20+% hill climbs
- Miles Ridden on P100S as of 10/1/22: 68.6 miles
- P100S units on-hand and mileage distribution between them: Two units on-hand, with 50/50 mileage distribution between them
Segway P100S Essential Specs:
- Range: 33.9 miles under near-max performance ride mode or ~60 miles under full eco ride mode (more on this in a dedicated section later)
- Motor Type and Output: 650 W single motor with 1350 W peak output
- Brakes: 5.5" ventilated, mechanical disc brakes with rear electric regen brake
- Acceleration and Top Speed: 0-15 in 2.8 seconds, with a 30 MPH top speed
- Hill Grade Capability: 23%
- Total Payload Capacity: 265 lbs
- Suspension: Front & Rear Dedicated Suspension (Torsion-Bar Type)
- Tires: Automobile-grade 10.5" pneumatic all season (tubeless, self-sealing)
- Battery Pack: 1086 wH
- Charge Time (0-100%): ~7 hours
- Water Rating: IPX5 body and IPX7 battery pack
- Lighting: 10 W LED daytime running light, multicolor RGB accent lights, Segway welcome light (rear puddle lights), full turn signal lights (front and rear), and wide-cast LED headlamp
- Usability Features: USB-C port on the main console for mobile device charging, integrated charger requiring only a single cable to charge, NFC card lock/unlock, dedicated Segway app, passcode unlock, turn signals, dynamic info HUD with high daytime visibility, multiple driving modes, and more
- Weight: 72.5 lbs
- Initial Assembly: The unit comes boxed in a nearly-assembled state, requiring only the handlebar attachment via six hex screws.
- Warranty: Two years, standard limited
Highlights: Core Strengths and Initial Criticisms Highlight Strength:
Criticism and Areas for Improvement:
- Segway's signature QC and craftsmanship shine bright on the P100S
- Outstanding motor design in terms of throttle application, torque power output on the low end, and speed management at the top end
- Despite 70+ pound weight, extremely agile and maneuverable at all speeds
- Unrivaled suite of quality-of-life features and tech functionality
- For a city explorer, daily commuter, fun factor is cranked up to 11 in anything other than Eco mode
- Security features are unmatched, with NFC lock/unlock, full app access and customization, and a robust anti-theft system
- Incredible value-for-the-performance-and-quality at early crowdfunding price ($1,600 USD), high value at current crowdfunding price ($1,800 USD), and decent value at MSRP ($2,000 USD)
- Initial firmware at launch leaves several areas in need of functionality improvement and change (more on this later)
- Range under unrestricted Sport ride mode is unrecognizable from the opposite end of the spectrum when riding in Eco mode. Max speed, as incredible as it may be on the P100S, hits the range capabilities hard (more on this later)
With the basics out of the way, let's tackle the core areas that any experienced (or new) rideowner cares about when considering an eScooter model to live with and daily ride.
Segway's Signature Build Quality, Manufacturing, and Design: Does the P100S live up to the legacy?
It takes no more than a few miles on the P series to realize that, more than living up to predecessors, the P series is undeniably the culmination of everything Segway's done over the years in terms of real-world product testing and internal R&D.
From a rock-solid, welded-on stem design, to a tank-like main base and battery pack, to the workman-like tire and suspension design, everything about the P100S instills a sense of supreme confidence whether the rider is standing at a red light or pushing the envelope at 30 MPH while riding into a headwind on rough pavement. The materials you interact with on a daily ride are rubberized, grippy, and thick. The base board is quite wide and utilizes a rubber that's tactile under your shoe, confidence-inspiring, but isn't prone to magnetizing every lil' piece of grime and debris from the road underneath. Both in terms of material selections and actual craftsmanship on the assembly line, the P100S is a stark reminder of why Segway's earned its reputation in the PEV community.
As an important disclaimer, I want to reiterate that I side-by-side compared and tested the initial fit & finish on two P100S received on the same day. With one P100S' serial number indicating that it was unit 003 (third off the initial assembly line) and the other unit's serial indicating it was unit 213, there's a good range here to represent the initial production run.
Every bolt, screw, seam, and joint on both the base metals and the plastic finishes is a 1:1 match between both units. Neither has a single creak, squeak, or wobble. You can lift and drop the nose hard on the ground and listen close when blasting down a glass-like stretch of tarmac at 30 MPH, and no matter the case, the P100S conveys to you that it delivers on Segway's sterling reputation when it comes to this category.
Backed by a two-year limited warranty, the first 50+ miles leave little reason to believe that the P series will end up being outliers on Segway's track record. I certainly hope the result lives up to these initial impressions, but I'll update and revise this review if anything drastic changes.
The Performance: Acceleration, Top Speed, Hill Climb, and Throttle Response
When first announced, the P100S took a bit of heat from the eScooter community, in that Segway opted to go with a single 650 W rear motor (1350 W peak motor power output), as opposed to a dual-motor design you tend to see on most competitors in this price segment.
Real-world testing and reviews on newer dual-motor models (a prime example being the Apollo City Pro) revealed a core reason for why that is: with dual motors comes markedly increased demand on the battery pack, and thus, a plummet in efficiency and range. The tradeoff is presumably made to gain increased acceleration, top speed, and hill climb, but the irony is that it's never that simple in real-world execution. If we look at just the Apollo City Pro Dual Motor, we can see that despite running a dual-motor setup, the Apollo matches the P100S' top speed, 0-15 MPH acceleration, and yet manages to fare worse on rated hill climb angle and isn't even in the same league in terms of range. It's not a simple matter of "extra motors = better." Taking it a step further, there are a good handful of premium dual motors that don't rival the on-paper or on-street specs of the P100S.
Whatever black magic Segway seems to have done in the R&D leading up to the P series pays off in practice, as the numbers they tout on paper are very actualized and very felt when out on a ride.
If set to unrestricted Sport mode, a P100S with greater than 85% state of charge (SoC) hits ~19-20 MPH before it crosses a standard-length intersection. Aside from, perhaps, the GT1, the P100S makes a strong case for being the most potent single-motor flagship on the market as of this writing.
Segway cites 23% hill grade on P100S marketing materials, and real-world testing confirms this with ease. One of the steepest hills in nearby Venice, California was a joke when I launched up from a locked 28 MPH at the base. By the time I reached the crest, the P100S was still holding 22 MPH with no signs of further speed loss. I'm willing to bet that Segway was conservative in their hill grade testing to not lead to owner disappointment, as my 165-pound frame blasts up any local hill with ease, no matter how daunting it looks at the base of the hill!
What's most impressive in the real world isn't conveyed on the spec sheet. It's not a matter of 0-15 MPH times or 30 MPH top speed, but more so a matter of engineered power delivery.
I won't name other models that we all notoriously know exhibit this issue, but gone are any signs of temperamental or hard-to-control throttle input. Power delivery is quite smooth, no matter the surface, hill grade, or SoC at the time of riding.
Better still, my testing at ~15% SoC, ~50% SoC, ~75% SoC, and max SoC confirms that Segway tweaked the onboard power management to produce a very linear experience for the rider no matter how much range they have left. While 30 MPH on a flat run can only be consistently held above 90% SoC, the fall-off is less than 1 MPH for each 10% SoC thereafter. It also never drops below 25 MPH on the top end, even at the very lowest SoC left in your battery pack. This kind of consistent performance in varying conditions and varying SoC leads to rider confidence whether avoiding a road incident, racing to get home in time for an event, or just zipping around town for fun.
One disclaimer for new riders is to take care and be cautious when using the app to unlock the unrestricted Sport mode. As an example, if you displace your weight on only the rear of the deck and drop the accelerator from a standstill, the nose of the P100S effortlessly rises off the ground and can catch you off-guard. Easily as important, take care when cutting sharp corners at greater than 25 MPH speeds, as the power delivery to the rear wheel pushes the limits of rubber-on-tarmac. Have fun out there, but get used to Drive mode and "normal" Sport mode first!
There are world-beater beast eScooters on the market with faster 0-15 MPH times and considerably more beefy top speeds, but as we go through the following section, we're reminded why it's important to consider all the features, functions, and overall performance as a collective package, rather than just focusing on one, hallmark spec that trumps all others.
The Ride: Suspension Design, Frame Rigidity, Tire Design, and Handlebar "Feel" on the road
Unlike its lesser sibling P65, the P100S features dedicated front & rear torsion-bar style suspension. After first unboxing, a "bounce test" will put a grin on your face. The travel is considerable and, equally as important, the entire chassis produces not a single decibel of sound. If you stand atop the deck and forcibly bounce your weight to compress the torsion arms to bottom-out, what's most noteworthy is that the range, from fully decompressed to fully compressed, is done with tight tolerances. The bottoming out, if and when it does happen from going over, perhaps, a huge speed bump is never abrupt and you never feel the bottoming out in your legs or arms. The travel of front & rear suspension has been tuned by Segway to surpass any expectations on urban and suburban road surfaces.
At sub-8 MPH, the only audible sound is tire noise from road contact, but any attempt to hear or feel the suspension is in vain. The torsion front and rear chews through gravel, divots in the pavement, or light trails with ease. The suspension has no user adjustment, which isn't ideal for the price tag associated, but it's clear that Segway spent considerable time and money in the R&D phase to tune it as much as possible. I'm sure the GT series is yet another step up, but aside from that class of eScooter, the P100S' suspension design seems tailor-made for recreational and commute riding.
Just like the motor design, the suspension is performant across the entire speed range, and most impressively, it results in a rock-solid, zero-wobble ride when pushing the upper, 30 MPH limits. Rider confidence is high when standing upright at over 25 MPH, with zero speed wobble in the stem and no cause for concern that the folding-stem mechanism may be a liability at higher speeds. With every contact point welded on the frame, the entire chassis holds true when taking corners at fast speed or maxing out the top end. If you lose control or lose traction, it's more than likely a matter of user error. That's a great thing, as you grow to trust the P100S' balance of motor power ouput, driving torque to the tires, balanced out by the suspension. All working in tandem, these three pillars result in a rider experience that's extremely smooth at all speed ranges.
Segway touted "automobile-grade tires" in promotional marketing, and in terms of rubber compound, it seems to hold true. Light trail riding and cuts across pavement with patches of loose sand exhibit zero signs of traction loss or wheel slippage.
Braking: Are the mechanical disc brakes a short-coming on the P100S, given its price point?
With other flagships offering hydraulic brakes at ~$1,500 price point, plenty of prospective owners grew worried when Segway announced the P series specs and cited mechanical discs on the front and rear.
Hydraulics are lovely for what they are, both in terms of long-term maintenance and brake feel in-hand, but for whatever it may be worth, Segway's tuning of the mechanicals on the P100S make them the, bar none, best mechanical disc brakes I've ever tested on an eScooter.
With thickkkkk brake pads and quick response time, the mechanical disc brakes on the P100S exhibit no brake fade even under extreme load and hard riding. The ventilated design of the large, 5.5" ventilated discs results in consistent performance at all speeds, even when crushing both and rear brake handles down in a 30-0 full-stop test. I don't suggest doing that often, as it'll wear down the pads and require maintenance adjustment more often than necessary, but it does afford a certain piece of mind knowing that your physical input on the brake levers will consistently result in the same kind of stopping power no matter the road or weather conditions. Though I haven't been able to test in wet conditions (Los Angeles isn't known for having rainfall, after all), the braking performance on everything from dry road surfaces to light trails inspires confidence in the performance when surfaces might be wet.
What's most noteworthy in terms of rider experience is that Segway nailed the brake handle "feel." The amount of pressure required for braking across all speed ranges is sublime, with light-to-medium pressure to activate the handle(s)—not unlike the feel of hydraulic, mind you—but a crisp and consistent pull required to full depress the pads on the front and rear. Even in the event of an aggressive stop, a light lean-back is all that's needed to bring the P100S to a quick stop. There's no sense of potential jerkiness that may throw you over the handlebars if you don't release the levers in time or crank down on them too hard in a moment of panic.
Subjectively speaking, we all need to decide how much we value hydraulic brakes, but real-world use makes it clear why Segway opted for these, particular set of tuned mechanical discs on the P series. I'm sure the hydraulics on the GT series are even another notch above, but at the sub $2K price point, I would be hard pressed to think of another eScooter model variant that feels and performs better at the intended speed ranges of the P100S.
For perspective, here's a demo from an early YouTube review that showcases brake pad size and stopping power: https://youtu.be/7x4y15ZsWTQ?t=64
The Battery Pack: Specs, Real-World Range, and Charge Time
With a 1086 Wh pack manufactured with Samsung cells, the P100S features an integrated charger design that, quite frankly, you won't want to live without once you've lived with it for just a few days.
Rather than lug around a hefty charging brick, the P100S only requires a standard three-prong AC cable tossed in a bag on a ride with you. When you reach your destination, a fully dead P100S can be brought back to full life in approx. seven hours. In real-world testing, I can confirm that Segway's cited seven hours is spot-on, having tested recharge time from 60-90% with a timer. The math carries through, whether starting from low SoC or near max.
As per the product manual, Segway guarantees the pack for 10,000 KM (6,214 miles) or 500 full charge cycles. As personal peace of mind worth sharing, I'll note that I love to see that the Segway app reports real-time battery stats in terms of voltage, wattage, and ambient temps. Even when connected to a well-wired 120v wall outlet at low SoC, the pack pulled even and consistent wattage and voltage, never breaching 38 C in reported temp. For those that may not know, this is very promising in terms of Segway's battery management system (BMS) in action, as the BMS is the heart of battery pack longevity. On the crowdfunding comments board, several owners pressed Segway for feedback on whether the P series is safe to charge indoors and overnight, to which Segway Team replied with utmost confidence that the BMS has strict tolerances and countless, by-the-second safety mechanisms to control electrical current and maintain battery pack health. For what it's worth, my few days of close examination of the real-time stats confirm this to be very true. Think of all the horror stories you've heard of eScooter start-ups manufacturing their units in foreign factories without the kind of BMS that can even prevent fire, let alone ensure long-term battery pack health.
Though I haven't been able to do 100% to 0% real-world range testing, my most intensive ride session was last night, during which I stress tested the P100S by zipping around LA's Westside in normal and unrestricted Sport mode (25-30 MPH) with my usual 165-pound payload and with ambient temps of around 74 F. With regular headwinds creating resistance on my body and the P100S, and a healthy dose of steep hill climbs, the result was as follows:
- Total Ride: 19.1 miles
- Total Ride Duration: 91 minutes
- Total SoC Used (Battery % lost): 66%
For consideration, here's Segway's official statement on P series range numbers, direct from the FAQ:
What is the maximum range of the KickScooter P Series?
• The P100S offers a max range* of up to 62 miles (100 km) and a tested range* of 33.9 miles (54.6 km).
• The P65 offers a max range* of up to 40 miles (65 km) and a tested range* of 21 miles (33.8 km).
*Max range: Tested while riding with a full battery, 75 kg (165 lbs) payload, 25°C (77°F), at the speed of 9.9 mph (16km/h).
*Tested range: Tested while riding with a full battery, 75kg (165 lbs) payload, 25°C (77°F), at the speed of 24.8 mph (40km/h)."
As my 19.1-mile ride saw average speeds higher than 25 MPH, let alone the countless hill sprints I used to stress test the motor and BMS, I can confidently confirm that 33.9 miles at ~25 MPH is absolutely possible in the real world. To achieve anything closer to 60+ miles of total range on a single charge, the rider would need to drop to Eco for the duration of the ride, and even then, he/she won't achieve 60 miles of range on a single charge unless he/she weighs less than 165 lbs. This is due to Segway's testing at a 9.9 MPH average during that run.
There's so much variability in the real world, ranging from payload at the time of the ride, to ambient temps, to opposing headwinds, to average speed. Don't expect to regularly achieve 45+ miles on a single charge, but know that if you push performance to the limit, you can expect ~30 miles if you weigh around 165 lbs, but you can equally as likely see 45+ miles if you cruise around in Eco or restrict Drive mode to 20 MPH (more on tips like this at the very end).
As an important disclaimer, brace for a steep fall-off in total range on a full charge if you ride in unrestricted Sport Mode (red Sport icon on the HUD) and do considerable hill sprints and fast accelerations. You likely won't achieve even 30 miles on a single charge. This doesn't come as a shock, but it is something to consider when floating the idea of 50+ mile rides on Eco mode.
Portability and Usability: How functional is a 72.5-pound P100S as a daily driver?
As compared to an ~40-pound Ninebox Max G30P or other comparable eScooters, the P100S is rather hefty in terms of raw weight.
While that's mitigated by an exceptional folding stem and lock-in design that pairs the affixes the handlebar to the deck, the reality is that long-distance lift-and-carry of the P100S isn't realistic unless you're particularly strong and hardy. Sure, tossing the P100S into the rear trunk of your car for a road trip is a breeze, but don't expect to haul it around by hand.
Thankfully, the addition of "Walk" mode makes maneuvering the P100S in tight spaces a breeze, and a full collapsible stem (unlike the 100+ pound GT series) makes it rather compact despite its weight.
The Cockpit and HUD Design
I would regard the P100S' cockpit design to be second only to the GT2's transparent OLED setup. Aside from that extreme outlier, everything else about the P100S' cockpit simply can't be beaten as the models on the market at the time of this initial impressions review.
Every button is ergonomically accessible across the sprawling 25" handlebar setup. With a massive, bright HUD, the display console is rich with information, specifically motor power output (red bar at the top), speedometer, range remaining (green bar at the bottom), ride mode designations, and more. While the range isn't denoted in numerical values as it is on the GT series, the green bar is intelligently thought out, as each chunk of the bar represents 10 percent, and a blinking chunk means you're in between the nearest ten percent values. At a glance, this makes it easy to look down and know that you're, perhaps, riding with a good 70% still left in the pack!
On the underside of the cockpit, you'll find a high-wattage USB-C port, allowing you to easily power your handlebar-mounted phone during rides. It seems like such a minor feature, but it proves to be such a quality-of-life user experience boost during longer rides!
The throttle is basically perfect, with a wide thumb paddle that's smooth in operation with absolutely no over or under sensitivity as can be seen on countless other high-end eScooters. Acceleration, as a result, is dependable at all times. Whether you want to gradually accelerate while in Sport mode, or want to "floor" it in Eco or Drive modes, each depress of the thumb paddles has an unwavering start and end point, with no rocking, wiggling, or quirkiness.
In a slick move to mirror Tesla's approach to vehicle access, Segway's NFC card performs flawlessly, without a single hiccup across dozens of lock and unlock attempts. A simple tap on the NFC area below the HUD allows for instant unlock/start of the P100S, whereas a follow-up tap locks and powers down.
You master the cockpit in a day or two, and it becomes muscle memory shortly thereafter. Aside from the quirk and complaints addressed later, there's little Segway could have done to improve this part of the rider experience.
Lighting: Highly Functional and Wonderfully Cosmetic
In yet another step to push toward a polished fit and finish married to nighttime usability, Segway's approach to lighting on the P100S is a real treat both during the day and, more importantly, in the evening.
A smaller daytime running light (DRL) on the front allows for driver visibility of oncoming traffic. In the evening, the high lumen headlamp casts a very wide, stark white flood light on the road surface in front of you. Though I haven't taken distance measurements on how far the headlamp reaches, I can safely say that side to side, it more than covers the width of a standard lane and in terms of distance, it's not extremely far-reaching, but it more than covers the reasonable length needed to stop in the event of an incident.
With front and rear turn signal lights paired with a bright brake light, the P100S allows you to communicate easily with rear and oncoming traffic, a welcome feature long missing on higher-end eScooters.
Aesthetically, Segway knocked it out of the park with the accent lights. Slick touches like multicolor RGB lights at the base of the deck grab rider attention just as much as they do that of nearby pedestrians. At night, the "final touch" of Segway-branded welcome lights (puddle lights) are both attractive and functional, allowing drivers behind you to have even more light visibility of your on your P100S, not to mention turning heads if you're into that.
For whatever it's worth, I've had at least 5-6 people wave me down to ask me "What kind of scooter is that? I've never seen one like that before!" If you don't like that kind of attention, it may be best to deactivate the ambient lights via in-app settings!
The Software App Experience
Moreso than most of the competition, the P100S necessitates the use of the mobile app. And honestly, the overall experience is so polished that you won't lament having to do so!
For initial setup and pairing, the owner needs to install the iOS or Android Segway app, "unlocking" the P100S via Bluetooth app, and account authentication. It's more than worth the initial cost of entry, as the app/phone acts as a third unlock/lock security method (alongside an NFC card and four-digit pin code), not to mention feature and function tuning via P100S settings.
In the scooter settings panel, you can tweak everything from lightning to regen brake to speed modes and more. Equally as important, the Segway app for the P series allows for firmware updates. More to come on that later...
Safety and Security: The Full Package
There was quite a bit of hype over the P series integrated anti-theft system, intended to sound off audible beeping alarms if a stranger touches your locked P100S and, better still, lock up the wheels if they proceed to try to move it/roll it away.
In practice, early YouTube reviews from Electric Vehicles Space revealed that the original v1.0.0 firmware was poorly tuned, with the anti-theft alarm failing to activate quickly and the wheel lock-up taking even longer.
To backers on the Kickstarter page, Segway vowed to prep and deploy firmware revisions in time for initial deliveries. They stayed true to that promise, with v1.0.3 firmware completely overhauling the anti-theft system and making it damn-near perfect. Capable of being set from "Disabled" to "High" sensitivity via in-app customization, the anti-theft alarm is quick to activate and the wheel lock-up never fails. Paired to a proper, physical lock, you can trust your P100S is as secure as it can be on longer rides and commutes.
With the ease of NFC card lock/unlock along with the two other access methods, a loud electronic horn, the addition of turn signals, responsive and reliable brakes, grippy tire compound, tank-like chassis design, and more, the P100S definitely makes you feel at ease both during use and when stowed.
Nothing is perfect, so how is the Segway P series still in pursuit?
Two words: firmware updates. There are some definitely needed to iron out initial user experience shortcomings. Here's a quick list that I put together and ran by other first-batch owners taking delivery this week:
- Activating cruise mode causes the P-series to emit a full horn beep on activation. This is a liability, as it can frighten nearby pedestrians and confuse nearby drivers, making them think you're trying to honk at them. This needs to be either deactivated fully or offered as a settings toggle.
- Audible beeps/horn are still present when activating turn signals, despite Segway Team advising early in crowdfunding that firmware revisions would eliminate the beeps. For reasons of pedestrian and vehicle driver confusion, this needs to be available as a setting to deactivate.
- Red, unrestricted "Sport" mode deactivates if the ride mode is changed during a ride or if the P-series is powered off/on. This needs to be adjusted via a proper settings toggle, allowing the rideowner to activate full, unrestricted, red Sport mode at all times, or at the very least, require activation only once per ride session.
- The ride modes are Eco at 11-12 MPH, Drive at 25 MPH, and Sport at 25 MPH. As Drive and Sport are, effectively, identical on the top-end speed limit with only additional torque acceleration in Sport, this needs to be refined. Either offers riders/owners the ability to manually set speed limits for all three ride modes or reduce Drive so that it's between Eco and full-on Sport. If Drive and normal, white Sport mode remain at the same 25 MPH, it devalues the benefit of having separate ride modes.
- Allow in-app customization of colored, RGB ambient lights on the left and right side of the P-series body. For owners that don't want rainbow color cycling, it would be preferable to set a single, static color.
If Segway can act quickly, launching firmware revisions to fix the above issues, owners will be in amazing shape with, what I would argue, is a best-in-class P100S.
The Intangibles and the Competition
With exciting and rapidly evolving boutique brands like Nami, Kaabo, Wolf, Apollo, and others constantly raising the benchmark for premium, flagship eScooter, this industry has never been in a better place.
Whether at a $1600 early-bird crowdfunding price or full-on $2,000 MSRP, the Segway P100S is an expensive proposition no matter how you slice it or dice it. That's serious money to shell out for a necessary commuting PEV or, worse yet, an elective recreational PEV (like my use case).
Ultimately, much of what I would argue makes the decision easy boils down to the name behind the model: Segway. With a venerable reputation for years and years on end, Segway has and continues to set the gold standard for product quality, craftsmanship, and longevity. The ElectricScooters
subreddit is filled with current and past owners who vouch for the Max series when the dust settles on any debates.
Can you break land speed records on a bleeding-edge Wolf eScooter, or leap into the air and descend on a top-of-the-line Nami suspension? Sure, you can. Hey, even inside of Segway, you can shell out twice the cash for a GT series eScooter. But with each of those alternatives come considerable concessions. A GT1/GT2 weighs as much as a family member, costs a fortune, and loses all practicality for anything other than A-B destination riding. Boutique brands may be fun and wonderful to support to help the industry grow, but if you're gonna spend this kind of money, I would advise putting serious thought into the long-term projections. How will the warranty and service experience look when maintenance or repair needs to be done? Where does the manufacturer have service centers? Are there third-party partners? How sterling is their reputation? Can you trust that initial performance and quality sustain across 100 miles, 500 miles, 2,000 miles, and beyond? How reliable is the manufacturer to continue to support and develop the software experience behind the eScooter?
You need look no further than the P100S' primary competitor to see how crucial those questions are: the Apollo City Pro Dual Motor. Skimming the ESG review reveals real-world range numbers that more-or-less confirm why dual motor isn't ideal unless you're constantly hill climbing. I won't spend time voicing countless complaints about company reputations, but we all should pause and research start-ups like Apollo to read anecdotal owner testimationals. I know that, for my work-life balance, I can't afford to be tinkering around with day-one repairs and hiccups, to be concerned about the logistics involved if everything isn't ideal.
The final verdict is, of course, yours to make, but as of October 2022, I simply cannot recommend the Segway P100S enough. Whether you're an eScooter veteran looking to secure your daily rider or a first-time owner considering the best investment for your money, my extensive, initial impressions testing of a pair of P100S units validates all the hype that led up to the launch.
Now, if you're a Segway rep reading this review, do me a small favor and help out all of us new owners by hustling with the engineering team to push out some critical firmware updates! In the pursuit of perfection, let's edge a lil' closer to that dream!
Oh, and this next and final section is dedicated to new P series owners, representing a collection of pro tips and tricks I've gathered across these few days of testing, some of which came from direct chats with new owners!
Segway P100S (and P65) Tips and Tricks for New Owners:
- To maximize range for longer rides/commutes and to mitigate the massive speed gap between Eco and Drive/Sport ride modes, head to the Segway App, go to the Settings screen for your eScooter, head to Riding Habits, then Speed Mode, and enable Limited Speed Mode. This'll cap both Drive and Sport modes to a max of 20 MPH, thereby bringing you close to the 10 MPH that Segway used to achieve 60+ miles on a single run. With Eco capped at approx. 11 MPH, using this trick allows you to take advantage of the 650 W torque-happy motor in your P100S, without needlessly sacrificing range on longer runs! If/when you want to tap back into 25/30 MPH top-end, just return to that screen and toggle it back to Unlimited Speed Mode!
- In that same Settings screen, make sure that Energy Recovery & Electric Brake Level are both set to Strong. No different than a full-on EV car with regenerative braking, these two settings maxed out will ensure that your P100S is actively regenerating energy whenever possible. As an added tip, learn to take advantage of the rear electric brake, relying on it more so than your manual mechanical disc brakes. Doing so will not only squeeze out more range but will also add some brake pad health to the mix, as you'll be using them less often!
- In the Riding Habits screen, set Starting Speed to 0 MPH. This'll change the default on your P Series to activate the park lock when at a standstill for five seconds, but afford you a nice "luxury" feature. With a single press of your brake level, the electronic park hold will release and the throttle will work from a dead stop. No need to kick start! Just light squeeze a brake lever, lift your planted foot onto the deck, and zip away!
- Take advantage of cruise control! This help optimize for added range, as a consistent speed (ideally one not above 20 MPH) electronically held will use less energy than manual, minute adjustments by you on the throttle. On top of that, cruise control on reliable straightaways makes the already pleasant ride of the P series that much more carefree!
- The anti-theft alarm at max sensitivity is, well, extremely sensitive. Bear that in mind and use it with caution and in situations where you're truly leaving your P Series in a conspicuous place. Generally speaking, it may be best to turn that sensitivity down one or two notches. Only disable anti-theft if you have 100 percent confidence that no stranger is going to be curious about your new ride!
- Unrestricted Sport mode is deceptively tricky. You need to be sure it's active during use. Normal Sport mode ("Unlimited Speed Mode") is active when "Sport" appears in white on your P100S hud, but it's still inherently limited in terms of max torque output and 30 MPH top-end. To unrestrict it, you'd need to have Sport active on the P100S hud, head to the app, and toggle on "Higher Speed in S mode." You'll know it's active when Sport changes from white on the HUD to dark red. At that point, you'll feel the max 1350W peak motor output and the 30 MPH top speed. Here's the (infuriating catch): If you switch modes during the ride or power down and return later, Sport will return to default, limited white! For reasons inexplicable, Segway engineering thought it necessary to force riders/owners to manually toggle on "Higher Speed in S mode" for every ride, and worse yet, for each time they switch to-from Sport!
- Beyond total miles ridden and charge cycles completed, you also want to ensure both of the below are taken into consideration to keep your battery pack healthy:
- Try and keep the P100S (and thus the battery pack) in normal, ambient temps, ideally not too frigid cold or sweltering hot. The product manual cites exact, rated temperature ranges, if you're curious.
- Head to Segway app settings and restrict your max charge percentage to, ideally, between 80% and 90%. Lift that restriction only in prep for rides where you need the absolute max range the P100S has to offer. While the Samsung cells inside the P100S' battery pack are extremely high quality, the nature of high-capacity battery packs is such that long-term storage at max capacity is bad for overall health. Feel free to fill it up to 100% when necessary, but don't do so every single day, if you can avoid it.
- If you want to change the units in the app from kilometers to miles, head to the bottom-right tab in the main app screen, titled "Me". Once there, find the gear cog to get to the main app settings. Once there, head to "Imperial/Metric System" and change to Imperial System. At that point, the unit of measure should be miles/mile per hour!
--- If I missed anything or can answer any specific comments, just sound off in the comments and it would be my pleasure. If you made it this far, I want to extend a personal thanks for putting in the time and energy, and I sincerely hope the juice was worth the reading squeeze!
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